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Age: 45,709.7 ± 7,931.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: South Asia
Mutations: G5417A
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: N
Descendant branch(s): N9a N9b Y


Haplogroup N9 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 37,800 and 53,600 years (Behar et al., 2012b).


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Ancient DNA

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This timeline is an overview of the N9 branch's history from the first early people to the birth of the first woman from the N9 lineage. (View in new tab.)


National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: N9
Age: 49,100 ± 15,200 Years Ago
Origin: South Asia
Blurb: This point in your ancestors' journey began along the southern coast of East Asia. Members of this lineage traveled along the coastline during the Pleistocene era, when the sea levels were much lower, to Southeast Asia. Meanwhile, other groups containing women from this lineage traveled inland from the East Asian coast, settling much of modern China.

Today, this lineage is present in all of these places as well as the islands off the coast of East Asia such as the islands of Japan.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup N9 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01N95417Released 27 Aug 2008
02N95417Released 14 Oct 2008
03N95417Released 1 Mar 2009
04N95417Released 10 May 2009
05N95417Released 8 Jul 2009
06N95417Released 28 Sep 2009
07N95417Released 10 Nov 2009
08N95417Released 21 Mar 2010
09N95417Released 20 Jun 2010
10N95417Released 10 Aug 2010
11N95417Released 7 Feb 2011
12N95417Released 20 Jul 2011
13N95417Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14N9G5417AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15N9G5417AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16N9G5417AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17N9G5417AReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup N9 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: October 16, 2018 at 3:46 am

2018-10-16T03:46:39+00:00June 6th, 2016|