Age: 45,709.7 ± 7,931.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: South Asia
Variants: G5417A
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: N
Descendant branch(s): N9a N9b Y

YFull Info

Name: -
Age: -
Expansion: -
 Variants: -

Note: This information does not imply an endorsement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.

Haplogroup N9 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 37,800 and 53,600 years (Behar et al., 2012b).


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Ancient DNA

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This timeline is an overview of the N9 branch’s history from the first early people to the birth of the first woman from the N9 lineage. (View in new tab.)

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: N9
Age: 49,100 ± 15,200 Years Ago
Origin: South Asia
Blurb: This point in your ancestors’ journey began along the southern coast of East Asia. Members of this lineage traveled along the coastline during the Pleistocene era, when the sea levels were much lower, to Southeast Asia. Meanwhile, other groups containing women from this lineage traveled inland from the East Asian coast, settling much of modern China.

Today, this lineage is present in all of these places as well as the islands off the coast of East Asia such as the islands of Japan.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup N9 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
01 N9 5417 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 N9 5417 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 N9 5417 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 N9 5417 Released 10 May 2009
05 N9 5417 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 N9 5417 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 N9 5417 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 N9 5417 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 N9 5417 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 N9 5417 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 N9 5417 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 N9 5417 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 N9 5417 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 N9 G5417A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 N9 G5417A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 N9 G5417A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 N9 G5417A Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup N9 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing results over to build 17.

Hg IDOriginPublicationHg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFullMissing VariantsAdditional Variants

Sources & Resources

Related Sources


Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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