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N21

Summary

Age: 22,351.3 ± 9,024.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C150T A337d A6752G A8701G! A10583G T13437C G14560A C16193T
Parent Branch: N
Descendant branch(s): N21a

Background

Haplogroup N21 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 13,300 and 31,400 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup N21 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build#CalledMutationsNotes
01N2155A 150 195 337d 3552 6752 8701 9512 10583 13135 13437 14560 16193 16223 16291 16519Released 27 Aug 2008
02N2155A 150 195 337d 3552 6752 8701 9512 10583 13135 13437 14560 16193 16223 16291 16519Released 14 Oct 2008
03N2155A 150 195 337d 3552 6752 8701 9512 10583 13135 13437 14560 16193 16223 16291Released 1 Mar 2009
04N2155A 150 195 337d 3552 6752 8701 9512 10583 13135 13437 14560 16193 16223 16291Released 10 May 2009
05N2155A 150 195 337d 3552 6752 8701 9512 10583 13135 13437 14560 16193 16223 16291Released 8 Jul 2009
06N2155A 150 195 337d 3552 6752 8701 9512 10583 13135 13437 14560 16193 16223! 16291Released 28 Sep 2009
07N2155A 150 195 337d 3552 6752 8701 9512 10583 13135 13437 14560 16193 16223! 16291Released 10 Nov 2009
08N2155A 150 195 337d 3552 6752 8701 9512 10583 13135 13437 14560 16193 16223! 16291Released 21 Mar 2010
09N21150 337d 6752 8701 10583 13437 14560 16193Released 20 Jun 2010
10N21150 337d 6752 8701 10583 13437 14560 16193Released 10 Aug 2010
11N21150 337d 6752 8701 10583 13437 14560 16193Released 7 Feb 2011
12N21150 337d 6752 8701 10583 13437 14560 16193Released 20 Jul 2011
13N21150 337d 6752 8701 10583 13437 14560 16193Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14N21C150T A337d A6752G A8701G! A10583G T13437C G14560A C16193TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15N21C150T A337d A6752G A8701G! A10583G T13437C G14560A C16193TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16N21C150T A337d A6752G A8701G! A10583G T13437C G14560A C16193TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17N21C150T A337d A6752G A8701G! A10583G T13437C G14560A C16193TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup N21 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5016716Peng et al., 2010N21:195, 16129N21:315.1C, 523-524d, 15244, 16325
Hap5016720Peng et al., 2010N21:195, 10398N21:204, 309.1C, 315.1C, 731, 2857, 3335, 7424, 7759, 8149, 10172, 11950, 15519
Hap5016734Peng et al., 2010noneN21:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 7220, 13753, 15619, 16234, 16259
Hap5016736Kong et al., 2011N21:195N21:315.1C, 8406, 9325, 11440, 15043, 16182, 16260

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10072184MyanmarMyanmarMyanmarMyanmar
Hap10072185PhilippinesPhilippinesPhilippinesPhilippines
Hap10072186PhilippinesPhilippinesUnspecifiedPhilippines
Hap10072187UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10072188UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Keywords

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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 June 6th, 2016|