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Age: 3,188.2 ± 2,002.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Europe
Mutations: A9275G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: W5a1a
Descendant branch(s): W5a1a1a


Haplogroup W5a1a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,200 and 5,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: W5a1a1
Age: To Be Determined
Origin: Europe
Blurb: Though this lineage’s journey began in Western Europe, it has traveled across the north and reached Eastern Europe. Today, this line is most common in the region around the modern Ukraine.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup W5a1a1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
12 W5a1a1 9275 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 W5a1a1 9275 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 W5a1a1 A9275G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 W5a1a1 A9275G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 W5a1a1 A9275G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 W5a1a1 A9275G Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup W5a1a1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5007213 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 W5a1a1:16129, 16189 W5a1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 10742
Hap5007676 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none W5a1a1:56.1C, 139, 309.1CC, 315.1C
Hap5007690 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 W5a1a1:16311 W5a1a1:195M, 315.1C, 8572
Hap5008046 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none W5a1a1:309.1C, 315.1C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10099574South AfricaSouth AfricaSouth AfricaSouth Africa
Hap10099576CanadaCanadaUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10099577UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10099578United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10099579United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10099580United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10099581United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10099582United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10099583United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10099584United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10099585United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10099586United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10099587United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10099588United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10099589United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10099590United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10099591United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10099592United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: August 29, 2018 at 9:53 am

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