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Age: 4,189.9 ± 2,238.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Europe
Mutations: T10410C
Parent Branch: W5a
Descendant branch(s): W5a1a


Haplogroup W5a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 2,000 and 6,400 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: W5a1
Age: To Be Determined
Origin: Europe
Blurb: This point in your ancestors' journey began in Western Europe. Like her foremothers, this woman belonged to groups that lived on the western coast of Europe.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup W5a1 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

08W5a110410Released 21 Mar 2010
09W5a110410Released 20 Jun 2010
10W5a110410Released 10 Aug 2010
11W5a110410Released 7 Feb 2011
12W5a110410Released 20 Jul 2011
13W5a110410Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14W5a1T10410CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15W5a1T10410CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16W5a1T10410CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17W5a1T10410CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup W5a1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.


Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5008253Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneW5a1:196, 315.1C, 573.1XC, 2356, 8292, 16150
Hap5009853Herrnstadt et al., 2002W5a1:146, 152, 189, 194, 204, 207, 247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16230, 16278, 16292, 16311, 16362W5a1:1-576d, 3963, 11641, 16024-16569d
Hap5023662Zheng et al., 2012noneW5a1:650, 6320A, 7673, 14968N

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10099410PeruUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10099411United KingdomUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10099412United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10099413CanadaUnited KingdomUnspecifiedUnited Kingdom
Hap10099414United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10099415United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10099416United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10099417United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: August 29, 2018 at 14:22 pm

2018-08-29T14:22:31+00:00June 6th, 2016|
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