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Age: 7,052.5 ± 3,025.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Europe
Mutations: A10097G T16362C
Parent Branch: W5
Descendant branch(s): W5a1 W5a2


Haplogroup W5a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 4,000 and 10,100 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: W5a
Age: To Be Determined
Origin: Europe
Blurb: This point in your ancestors' journey began in Europe. From a base along the western coast of Europe, this line migrated north and east, settling as they moved.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup W5a Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

03W5a10097Released 1 Mar 2009
04W5a10097Released 10 May 2009
05W5a10097Released 8 Jul 2009
06W5a10097Released 28 Sep 2009
07W5a10097Released 10 Nov 2009
08W5a10097 16362Released 21 Mar 2010
09W5a10097 16362Released 20 Jun 2010
10W5a10097 16362Released 10 Aug 2010
11W5a10097 16362Released 7 Feb 2011
12W5a10097 16362Released 20 Jul 2011
13W5a10097 16362Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14W5aA10097G T16362CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15W5aA10097G T16362CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16W5aA10097G T16362CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17W5aA10097G T16362CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup W5a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.


Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001185Behar et al., 2012bW5a:10398W5a:315.1C
Hap5013081Raule et al., 2014W5a:189, 194, 207, 709, 1243, 5046W5a:7028, 10506, 13135, 15217, 16239

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10099396UnspecifiedUnited StatesRussiaRussia
Hap10099397United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10099398United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10099399United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10099400United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: August 29, 2018 at 14:33 pm

2018-08-29T14:33:36+00:00June 6th, 2016|
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