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Age: 11,407.2 ± 4,311.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: West Asia
Mutations: G143A T196C (C16286T)
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: W
Descendant branch(s): W4a W4b W4c W4d


Haplogroup W4 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: W4
Age: To Be Determined
Origin: West Asia
Blurb: This point in your ancestors’ journey began in West Asia. Groups containing this lineage traveled west toward the Mediterranean and then north into Europe.

Today, this lineage is most common in Northern Ireland, where it is 2 percent of the population, and in Wales where it is 1 percent of the population. It is notably less common in the rest of the British Isles. This lineage is also 1 percent of maternal lineages in Romania and the Czech Republic.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup W4 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 W4 143 192 194 196 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 W4 143 192 194 196 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 W4 143 196 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 W4 143 196 Released 10 May 2009
05 W4 143 196 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 W4 143 196 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 W4 143 196 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 W4 143 196 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 W4 143 196 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 W4 143 196 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 W4 143 196 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 W4 143 196 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 W4 143 196 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 W4 G143A T196C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 W4 G143A T196C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 W4 G143A T196C (C16286T) Released 19 Feb 2014
17 W4 G143A T196C (C16286T) Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup W4 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5021244 Olivieri et al., 2013 none W4:309.1C, 315.1C, 455.1T, 459.1C, 15634, 16284

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: August 28, 2018 at 9:17 am

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