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W4

Summary

Age: 11,407.2 ± 4,311.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G143A T196C (C16286T)
Parent Branch: W
Descendant branch(s): W4a W4b W4c W4d

Background

Haplogroup W4 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

mtDNA Haplogroup W4 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

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Build#CalledMutationsNotes
01W4143 192 194 196Released 27 Aug 2008
02W4143 192 194 196Released 14 Oct 2008
03W4143 196Released 1 Mar 2009
04W4143 196Released 10 May 2009
05W4143 196Released 8 Jul 2009
06W4143 196Released 28 Sep 2009
07W4143 196Released 10 Nov 2009
08W4143 196Released 21 Mar 2010
09W4143 196Released 20 Jun 2010
10W4143 196Released 10 Aug 2010
11W4143 196Released 7 Feb 2011
12W4143 196Released 20 Jul 2011
13W4143 196Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14W4G143A T196CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15W4G143A T196CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16W4G143A T196C (C16286T)Released 19 Feb 2014
17W4G143A T196C (C16286T)Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup W4 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5021244Olivieri et al., 2013noneW4:309.1C, 315.1C, 455.1T, 459.1C, 15634, 16284

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10099211UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Keywords

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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|