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Age: 5,942.5 ± 5,106.9; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Europe
Mutations: T5291C T16209C G16255A
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: W3a
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup W3a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 800 and 11,000 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: W3a2
Age: To Be Determined
Origin: Europe
Blurb: This rare lineage was born in Europe. Today it is less than 1 percent of maternal lineages in England and Poland.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup W3a2 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
14 W3a2 T5291C T16209C G16255A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 W3a2 T5291C T16209C G16255A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 W3a2 T5291C T16209C G16255A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 W3a2 T5291C T16209C G16255A Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup W3a2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5004845 Behar et al., 2012b W3a2:152 W3a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 16192
Hap5007540 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 W3a2:194 W3a2:119, 309.1C, 315.1C, 930
Hap5007703 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 W3a2:194 W3a2:119, 309.1C, 315.1C, 930

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10099104United StatesUnited StatesFranceFrance
Hap10099105United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10099106United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10099107United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10099108United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10099110United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10099111United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10099112United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10099113United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10099114United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10099115United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: August 28, 2018 at 7:43 am

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