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Age: 9,347.4 ± 3,183.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G7269A
Parent Branch: W3a1
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup W3a1c is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 6,200 and 12,500 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup W3a1c Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

14W3a1cG7269AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15W3a1cG7269AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16W3a1cG7269AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17W3a1cG7269AReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup W3a1c Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5002162Behar et al., 2012bnoneW3a1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 7853, 9716
Hap5002416Behar et al., 2012bnoneW3a1c:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5005382Behar et al., 2012bnoneW3a1c:195, 309.1C, 315.1C, 7278

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10099059United KingdomGermanyGermanyGermany
Hap10099060United StatesUnited StatesPolandPoland
Hap10099061United KingdomUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10099062United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10099063United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10099064United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10099065United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10099066United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10099067United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10099068United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10099069United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10099070United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10099071United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10099072United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10099073United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10099074United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10099075United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10099076United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10099077United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10099078United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10099080United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10099081United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10099082United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10099083United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10099084United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10099085UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10099086United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|