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W3a1

Summary

Age: 11,486.9 ± 2,422.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: West Asia
Mutations: A13263G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: W3a
Descendant branch(s): W3a1a W3a1b W3a1c W3a1d

Background

Haplogroup W3a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 9,100 and 13,900 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: W3a1
Age: To Be Determined
Origin: West Asia
Blurb: This branch follows the same pattern as its ancestors. Born in West Asia, this line is most common in India, where it is about 8 percent of the population. It is present in Eastern Europe at low frequencies.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup W3a1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
09 W3a1 13263 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 W3a1 13263 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 W3a1 13263 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 W3a1 13263 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 W3a1 13263 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 W3a1 A13263G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 W3a1 A13263G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 W3a1 A13263G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 W3a1 A13263G Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup W3a1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001202 Behar et al., 2012b W3a1:152 W3a1:10, 309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5001779 Behar et al., 2012b none W3a1:143, 315.1C, 8521, 9198, 11935, 16189Y
Hap5004354 Behar et al., 2012b none W3a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 10508
Hap5008074 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 W3a1:152 W3a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 12678, 15043R, 16519
Hap5008722 Fernandes et al., 2012 none W3a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 1709, 10845, 16244, 16368
Hap5009281 Govindaraj et al., 2011 none W3a1:143, 315.1C, 3106N, 4047, 6515, 8115R, 14693
Hap5009448 Herrnstadt et al., 2002 W3a1:146, 152, 189, 194, 204, 207, 247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16230, 16278, 16292, 16311 W3a1:1-576d, 8521, 9145, 9198, 11935, 13749, 16024-16569d
Hap5009721 Herrnstadt et al., 2002 W3a1:146, 152, 189, 194, 204, 207, 247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16230, 16278, 16292, 16311 W3a1:1-576d, 16024-16569d
Hap5009756 Herrnstadt et al., 2002 W3a1:146, 152, 189, 194, 204, 207, 247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16230, 16278, 16292, 16311 W3a1:1-576d, 15883, 16024-16569d
Hap5009779 Herrnstadt et al., 2002 W3a1:146, 152, 189, 194, 204, 207, 247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16230, 16278, 16292, 16311 W3a1:1-576d, 3316, 4991, 16024-16569d
Hap5011047 Kivisild et al., 2006 W3a1:146, 152, 189, 194, 204, 207, 247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16230, 16278, 16292, 16311 W3a1:1-435d, 13215, 13344, 16022-16569d
Hap5013588 Raule et al., 2014 none W3a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 10508, 16256
Hap5016785 Malyarchuk et al., 2010a none W3a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 8619
Hap5021236 Olivieri et al., 2013 none W3a1:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5021237 Olivieri et al., 2013 W3a1:16189 W3a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 408A, 523-524d, 6272, 11779, 12732, 14091, 16183C
Hap5021238 Olivieri et al., 2013 none W3a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 7055, 13759, 16293
Hap5021239 Olivieri et al., 2013 none W3a1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 16287
Hap5021240 Olivieri et al., 2013 none W3a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16291
Hap5023660 Zheng et al., 2012 W3a1:152 W3a1:315.1C, 15883

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10098796BulgariaBulgariaBulgariaBulgaria
Hap10098797CanadaCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10098798CanadaCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10098799United StatesUnited StatesCanadaCanada
Hap10098800United StatesUnited StatesCzech RepublicCzech Republic
Hap10098801FinlandFinlandFinlandFinland
Hap10098802FranceFranceFranceFrance
Hap10098803PolandPolandGermanyGermany
Hap10098804United StatesUnited StatesGermanyGermany
Hap10098805IndiaIndiaIndiaIndia
Hap10098806IrelandIrelandIrelandIreland
Hap10098807IrelandIrelandIrelandIreland
Hap10098808United StatesUnited KingdomIrelandIreland
Hap10098809United StatesUnited StatesIrelandIreland
Hap10098810Saudi ArabiaIsraelIsraelIsrael
Hap10098811United StatesItalyItalyItaly
Hap10098812United StatesKorea, SouthKorea, SouthKorea, South
Hap10098813CanadaNetherlandsNetherlandsNetherlands
Hap10098814United StatesUnited StatesNorwayNorway
Hap10098815United StatesUnited StatesNorwayNorway
Hap10098816United StatesCanadaPolandPoland
Hap10098817PolandPolandPolandPoland
Hap10098818United StatesUnited StatesPolandPoland
Hap10098819ZimbabweZimbabwePolandPoland
Hap10098820SwedenSwedenSwedenSweden

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

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Keywords

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Last Updated: Last updated: August 27, 2018 at 10:37 am

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