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Age: 12,726.6 ± 2,544.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: West Asia
Mutations: T15784C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: W3
Descendant branch(s): W3a1 W3a2


Haplogroup W3a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 10,200 and 15,300 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: W3a
Age: About 11,000 Years Ago
Origin: West Asia
Blurb: This point in your ancestors’ journey began in West Asia around 11,000 years ago. For many generations, these women weathered out the global climate in refugia. With the end of the last glacial maximum, members of this lineage spread, traveling both east toward South Asia and west toward Europe.

Today, this lineage is about 8 percent of the Indian population. In Europe, it is most common in Eastern Europe with a frequency of around 1 percent. In the rest of Europe, this line is present at trace frequencies of less than 1 percent.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup W3a Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
04 W3a 13263 15784 Released 10 May 2009
05 W3a 13263 15784 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 W3a 13263 15784 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 W3a 13263 15784 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 W3a 13263 15784 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 W3a 15784 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 W3a 15784 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 W3a 15784 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 W3a 15784 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 W3a 15784 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 W3a T15784C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 W3a T15784C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 W3a T15784C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 W3a T15784C Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup W3a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5004671 Behar et al., 2012b none W3a:315.1C, 5585, 14831R

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10098788United StatesUnited StatesPolandPoland
Hap10098789UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10098790UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: August 27, 2018 at 10:34 am

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