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Age: 14,419.5 ± 2,640.9; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T1406C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: W
Descendant branch(s): W3a W3b


Haplogroup W3 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 11,800 and 17,100 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup W3 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01W31406 13263 15784Released 27 Aug 2008
02W31406 13263 15784Released 14 Oct 2008
03W313263 15784Released 1 Mar 2009
04W31406Released 10 May 2009
05W31406Released 8 Jul 2009
06W31406Released 28 Sep 2009
07W31406Released 10 Nov 2009
08W31406Released 21 Mar 2010
09W31406Released 20 Jun 2010
10W31406Released 10 Aug 2010
11W31406Released 7 Feb 2011
12W31406Released 20 Jul 2011
13W31406Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14W3T1406CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15W3T1406CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16W3T1406CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17W3T1406CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup W3 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5008703Fernandes et al., 2012W3:189, 8251W3:119, 315.1C, 7853, 11017, 16295, 16304

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|

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