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Age: 7,798.8 ± 3,401.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Europe
Mutations: A14148G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: W1
Descendant branch(s): W1c1


Haplogroup W1c is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 4,400 and 11,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: W1c
Age: To Be Determined
Origin: Europe
Blurb: This point in your ancestors’ journey began in Europe. This rare lineage is about 1 percent of maternal lines in Denmark, Norway, and the British Isles.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup W1c Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 W1c 14148 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 W1c 14148 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 W1c 14148 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 W1c 14148 Released 10 May 2009
05 W1c 14148 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 W1c 14148 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 W1c 14148 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 W1c 14148 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 W1c 14148 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 W1c 14148 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 W1c 14148 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 W1c 14148 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 W1c 14148 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 W1c A14148G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 W1c A14148G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 W1c A14148G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 W1c A14148G Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup W1c Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001808 Behar et al., 2012b none W1c:315.1C, 5004, 12696
Hap5005379 Behar et al., 2012b W1c:16189 W1c:315.1C, 3342, 14409, 16183C
Hap5007248 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 W1c:16292 W1c:315.1C, 6647
Hap5007732 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none W1c:150, 207R, 315.1C, 2887, 12358, 14696C, 16527
Hap5008730 Fernandes et al., 2012 W1c:152 W1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 16193, 16246
Hap5012098 Palanichamy et al., 2004 W1c:16292 W1c:315.1C, 2070, 4232, 5984, 8449, 13831A
Hap5021002 Derenko et al., 2013 W1c:207, 16292 W1c:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5021227 Olivieri et al., 2013 none W1c:315.1C, 12235, 16294
Hap5021228 Olivieri et al., 2013 W1c:189, 207, 16292 W1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 8658

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10098492United StatesUnited StatesCubaCuba
Hap10098496United StatesIndiaIndiaIndia
Hap10098498UnspecifiedUnited StatesIrelandIreland
Hap10098499United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10098502United KingdomUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10098503United KingdomUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10098504United KingdomUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10098505United KingdomUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10098506United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10098507United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10098508United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10098509United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10098510United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10098511United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10098512United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10098513United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: August 27, 2018 at 9:49 am

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