FTDNA Sales Banner
Ads and affiliate links like this help support the Q-M242 project's efforts to test indigenous peoples. Please read the affiliateship and business disclaimers for details. You may also donate directly here.



Age: 10,453.6 ± 2,763.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C7864T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: W
Descendant branch(s): W1a W1b W1c W1d W1e W1f W1g W1h W1i


Haplogroup W1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 7,700 and 13,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: W1
Age: 17,600 ± 8,500 Years Ago
Origin: Europe
Blurb: This point in your ancestors’ journey began in Europe about 17,000 years ago. Settled before the last glacial maximum, the cold climate forced groups containing this lineage into refugia when cold weather and advancing ice made much of Europe uninhabitable. These groups expanded back across Europe when the last glacial maximum ended and the glaciers receded. However, later settlers during the Neolithic and Bronze Age displaced earlier populations. Thus, this lineage is a minor component even in its homeland.

Today, this lineage is most common in Portugal (6 percent) and Finland (3 percent). It is about 1 percent of the population in the rest of Europe.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup W1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 W1 7864 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 W1 7864 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 W1 7864 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 W1 7864 Released 10 May 2009
05 W1 7864 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 W1 7864 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 W1 7864 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 W1 7864 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 W1 7864 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 W1 7864 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 W1 7864 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 W1 7864 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 W1 7864 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 W1 C7864T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 W1 C7864T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 W1 C7864T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 W1 C7864T Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup W1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5002151 Behar et al., 2012b none W1:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5002600 Behar et al., 2012b none W1:309.1C, 315.1C, 16034R, 16083
Hap5008586 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none W1:195, 309.1C, 315.1C, 3471M
Hap5008631 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none W1:309.1C, 315.1C, 16083
Hap5008829 Finnilä et al., 2001 none W1:3531
Hap5009983 Hinttala et al., 2006 W1:146, 152, 189, 204, 207, 247, 5046, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16230, 16278, 16292, 16311 W1:1-522d, 9657, 16091-16569d
Hap5012780 Raule et al., 2014 W1:16189, 16292 W1:315.1C, 1888R, 7870
Hap5021106 Derenko et al., 2013 none W1:199, 309.1C, 315.1C, 5514, 10159A
Hap5021231 Olivieri et al., 2013 W1:16292 W1:150, 309.1C, 315.1C, 11893, 16342
Hap5021232 Olivieri et al., 2013 W1:204 W1:143, 150, 279, 309.1C, 315.1C, 14821
Hap5021235 Olivieri et al., 2013 W1:204 W1:315.1C, 524.1AC, 11963, 15900, 16185, 16215
Hap5022095 Maca-Meyer et al., 2001 W1:207, 1243, 3505, 11674, 15884C W1:315.1C, 12574

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10098169United StatesCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10098170United StatesUnited StatesCanadaCanada
Hap10098171United StatesDenmarkDenmarkDenmark
Hap10098176United StatesUnited StatesGermanyGermany
Hap10098177United StatesUnited StatesHungaryHungary
Hap10098178United StatesUnited StatesHungaryHungary
Hap10098180United StatesUnited StatesNetherlandsNetherlands
Hap10098182United StatesUnited StatesPolandPoland
Hap10098183United StatesUnited StatesRussiaRussia
Hap10098184Serbia and MontenegroSerbia and MontenegroSerbia and MontenegroSerbia and Montenegro

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places:

Last Updated: Last updated: August 26, 2018 at 21:35 pm

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

you're currently offline