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W

Summary

Age: 17,589.0 ± 3,375.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: West Asia
Mutations: T195C! T204C G207A T1243C A3505G G5460A G8251A G8994A A11947G G15884c C16292T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: N2
Descendant branch(s): W1 W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 W8 W9

Background

Haplogroup W is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. It is a child of haplogroup N2. It was likely born around 18,000 years ago. (Behar et al., 2012b)

Origin

MtDNA haplogroup W was likely born in West Asia.

Age

Behar et al., 2012b placed the birth of the W lineage between 14,200 and 21,000 years ago. This means the line was born in the Upper Paleolithic. At the time, people were using stone tools.

Ancient DNA

Coming Soon

Timeline

This timeline is an overview of the W branch’s history from the first early people to the birth of the first woman from the W lineage. (View in new tab.)

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: W
Age: 21,200 ± 8,350 Years Ago
Origin: West Asia
Blurb: This branch of your maternal lineage was born in West Asia around 20,000 years ago. Today it is there that it has the greatest genetic diversity. During the middle Upper Paleolithic period, some populations carrying W moved across the Caucasus Mountains and into Europe. Others traveled north into Central Asia and beyond to Siberia.The wave of migration into East Europe marked the appearance and spread of the Aurignacian culture. The Aurignacian culture heralded significant innovation in methods of manufacturing tools, standardization of tools, and a broader set of tool types, such as end-scrapers for preparing animal skins and tools for woodworking.
Later immigrants replaced many of the early settlers in Europe. Thus, this line is between 1 and 3 percent across Europe. It is more common in Portugal, where it is about 8 percent of maternal lineages.

In Saudi Arabia, it is between 0.5 percent and 2.5 percent of the population. It is about 7 percent of the population in Iraq and around 4 percent of the population in Iran and Turkey.

Strikingly, it is about 10 percent of Indian populations.

Interest Point: Noted American design and lifestyle expert Martha Stewart belongs to the W6 subtype of this lineage.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup W Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 W 195 204 207 1243 3505 5460 8994 11947 16292 16519 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 W 195 204 207 1243 3505 5460 8994 11947 16292 16519 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 W 195 204 207 1243 3505 5460 8251 8994 11947 15884C 16292 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 W 195 204 207 1243 3505 5460 8251 8994 11947 15884C 16292 Released 10 May 2009
05 W 195 204 207 1243 3505 5460 8251 8994 11947 15884C 16292 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 W 195 204 207 1243 3505 5460 8251 8994 11947 15884C 16292 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 W 195 204 207 1243 3505 5460 8251 8994 11947 15884C 16292 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 W 195 204 207 1243 3505 5460 8251 8994 11947 15884C 16292 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 W 195 204 207 1243 3505 5460 8251 8994 11947 15884C 16292 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 W 195 204 207 1243 3505 5460 8251 8994 11947 15884C 16292 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 W 195 204 207 1243 3505 5460 8251 8994 11947 15884C 16292 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 W 195 204 207 1243 3505 5460 8251 8994 11947 15884C 16292 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 W 195 204 207 1243 3505 5460 8251 8994 11947 15884C 16292 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 W T195C! T204C G207A T1243C A3505G G5460A G8251A G8994A A11947G G15884c C16292T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 W T195C! T204C G207A T1243C A3505G G5460A G8251A G8994A A11947G G15884c C16292T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 W T195C! T204C G207A T1243C A3505G G5460A G8251A G8994A A11947G G15884c C16292T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 W T195C! T204C G207A T1243C A3505G G5460A G8251A G8994A A11947G G15884c C16292T Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup W Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5010671 Kang et al., 2013 W:152 W:143, 195, 5075, 5121, 5585, 6156, 9009, 14461
Hap5011037 Kivisild et al., 2006 W:146, 152, 189, 204, 207, 247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16230, 16278, 16292, 16311 W:1-435d, 5580, 16022-16569d
Hap5011708 Lombes et al., 2013 W:207 W:119, 310, 3423G, 4985, 5581, 8999, 9185, 9335, 9559G, 11335, 13702G, 14199G, 14272G, 14365G, 14368G, 15317
Hap5020910 Derenko et al., 2013 none W:315.1C, 3363, 5250, 16177, 16286, 16359, 16527
Hap5021256 Olivieri et al., 2013 W:16292 W:309.1C, 315.1C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10098073AustraliaAustraliaAustraliaAustralia
Hap10098074Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and Herzegovina
Hap10098075BrazilBrazilBrazilBrazil
Hap10098076BulgariaBulgariaBulgariaBulgaria
Hap10098077UnspecifiedCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10098078CroatiaCroatiaCroatiaCroatia
Hap10098079United KingdomCyprusCyprusCyprus
Hap10098080FinlandFinlandFinlandFinland
Hap10098081KenyaIndiaIndiaIndia
Hap10098082IranIranIranIran
Hap10098083ItalyItalyItalyItaly
Hap10098084United StatesItalyItalyItaly
Hap10098085United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10098086United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10098087United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10098088PolandPolandPolandPoland
Hap10098089United KingdomUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10098090United StatesBelgiumUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10098091United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10098092United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10098093United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10098094United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10098095United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10098096United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10098097United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

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Keywords

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Last Updated: Last updated: October 8, 2018 at 17:37 pm

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