Haplogroup N2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 37,100 and 51,800 years (Behar et al., 2012b).
This timeline is an overview of the N2 branch’s history from the first early people to the birth of the first woman from the N2 lineage. (View in new tab.)
National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text
mtDNA Haplogroup N2 Phylotree History
Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.
|01||N2||709 5046 11674 12414||Released 27 Aug 2008|
|02||N2||709 5046 11674 12414||Released 14 Oct 2008|
|03||N2||189 709 5046 11674 12414||Released 1 Mar 2009|
|04||N2||189 709 5046 11674 12414||Released 10 May 2009|
|05||N2||189 709 5046 11674 12414||Released 8 Jul 2009|
|06||N2||189 709 5046 11674 12414||Released 28 Sep 2009|
|07||N2||189 709 5046 11674 12414||Released 10 Nov 2009|
|08||N2||189 709 5046 11674 12414||Released 21 Mar 2010|
|09||N2||189 709 5046 11674 12414||Released 20 Jun 2010|
|10||N2||189 709 5046 11674 12414||Released 10 Aug 2010|
|11||N2||189 709 5046 11674 12414||Released 7 Feb 2011|
|12||N2||189 709 5046 11674 12414||Released 20 Jul 2011|
|13||N2||189 709 5046 11674 12414||Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS|
|14||N2||A189G G709A G5046A C11674T T12414C||Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS|
|15||N2||A189G G709A G5046A C11674T T12414C||Released 30 Sep 2012|
|16||N2||A189G G709A G5046A C11674T T12414C||Released 19 Feb 2014|
|17||N2||A189G G709A G5046A C11674T T12414C||Released 18 Feb 2016|
mtDNA Haplogroup N2 Data Sources
GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.
Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing results over to build 17.
|Hg ID||Origin||Publication||Hg BLD16||Hg BLD17||Hg YFull||Missing Variants||Additional Variants|
Sources & Resources
- Behar, D.M., van Oven, M., Rosset, S., Metspalu, M., Loogväli, E.L., Silva, N.M., Kivisild, T., Torroni, A. and Villems, R. (2012). A “Copernican” reassessment of the human mitochondrial DNA tree from its root. American journal of human genetics, 90(4), 675-684.
- Fan, L., & Yao, Y. G. (2011). MitoTool: a web server for the analysis and retrieval of human mitochondrial DNA sequence variations. Mitochondrion, 11(2), 351-356.
- Fan, L., & Yao, Y. G. (2013). An update to MitoTool: using a new scoring system for faster mtDNA haplogroup determination. Mitochondrion, 13(4), 360-363.
- Van Oven, M., & Kayser, M. (2009). Updated comprehensive phylogenetic tree of global human mitochondrial DNA variation. Human mutation, 30(2), E386-E394.
- Ian Logan’s mtDNA Pages
- Ian Logan’s Instructions for mtGenome Genbank Donation
- James Lick’s mtDNA Utility
- The FTDNA Haplogroup Project for Haplogroup N
- The Wikipedia Article for Haplogroup N
The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.
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Last Updated: [lastupdated]