Age: 44,477.3 ± 7,363.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: West Asia
Mutations: A189G G709A G5046A C11674T T12414C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: N
Descendant branch(s): N2a W


Haplogroup N2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 37,100 and 51,800 years (Behar et al., 2012b).


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Ancient DNA

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This timeline is an overview of the N2 branch’s history from the first early people to the birth of the first woman from the N2 lineage. (View in new tab.)

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: N2
Age: About 44,000 Years Ago
Origin: West Asia
Blurb: This point in your ancestors’ journey began around 44,000 years ago in West Asia. Some from this line traveled to Europe and settled. Others who migrated to South Asia are today part of the population there.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup N2 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01N2709 5046 11674 12414Released 27 Aug 2008
02N2709 5046 11674 12414Released 14 Oct 2008
03N2189 709 5046 11674 12414Released 1 Mar 2009
04N2189 709 5046 11674 12414Released 10 May 2009
05N2189 709 5046 11674 12414Released 8 Jul 2009
06N2189 709 5046 11674 12414Released 28 Sep 2009
07N2189 709 5046 11674 12414Released 10 Nov 2009
08N2189 709 5046 11674 12414Released 21 Mar 2010
09N2189 709 5046 11674 12414Released 20 Jun 2010
10N2189 709 5046 11674 12414Released 10 Aug 2010
11N2189 709 5046 11674 12414Released 7 Feb 2011
12N2189 709 5046 11674 12414Released 20 Jul 2011
13N2189 709 5046 11674 12414Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14N2A189G G709A G5046A C11674T T12414CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15N2A189G G709A G5046A C11674T T12414CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16N2A189G G709A G5046A C11674T T12414CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17N2A189G G709A G5046A C11674T T12414CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup N2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places:

Last Updated: Last updated: October 16, 2018 at 3:42 am

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