Age: 11,155.1 ± 4,180.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T9957C
Parent Branch: N1b1a
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup N1b1a3 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: N1b1c
Age: To Be Determined
Origin: To Be Determined
Blurb: The founder of this lineage or one of her earliest descendants traveled into Central Europe. This lineage is present there today at trace frequencies of less than 1 percent.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic


mtDNA Haplogroup N1b1a3 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

03N1b1c9957Released 1 Mar 2009
04N1b1c9957Released 10 May 2009
05N1b1c9957Released 8 Jul 2009
06N1b1c9957Released 28 Sep 2009
07N1b1c9957Released 10 Nov 2009
08N1b1c9957Released 21 Mar 2010
09N1b1c9957Released 20 Jun 2010
10N1b1c9957Released 10 Aug 2010
11N1b1c9957Released 7 Feb 2011
13N1b1c9957Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14N1b1cT9957CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15N1b1a3T9957CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16N1b1a3T9957CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17N1b1a3T9957CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup N1b1a3 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5008648Feder et al., 2008noneN1b1a3:309.1C, 315.1C, 16256
Hap5008765Fernandes et al., 2012noneN1b1a3:271, 309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 10909
Hap5017595Zaragoza et al., 2010anoneN1b1a3:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 8290, 13967, 16223

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places:

Last Updated: Last updated: August 25, 2018 at 19:06 pm

2018-08-25T19:06:02+00:00June 6th, 2016|