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Age: 11,062.3 ± 4,660.9; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: 8281-8289d A12961G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: I5a
Descendant branch(s): I5a1a I5a1b I5a1c


Haplogroup I5a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 6,400 and 15,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup I5a1 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

04I5a1204 8281-8289d 12961Released 10 May 2009
05I5a1204 8281-8289d 12961Released 8 Jul 2009
06I5a1204! 8281-8289d 12961Released 28 Sep 2009
07I5a1204! 8281-8289d 12961Released 10 Nov 2009
08I5a1204! 8281-8289d 12961Released 21 Mar 2010
09I5a18281-8289d 12961Released 20 Jun 2010
10I5a18281-8289d 12961Released 10 Aug 2010
11I5a18281-8289d 12961Released 7 Feb 2011
12I5a18281-8289d 12961Released 20 Jul 2011
13I5a18281-8289d 12961Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14I5a18281-8289d A12961GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15I5a18281-8289d A12961GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16I5a18281-8289d A12961GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17I5a18281-8289d A12961GReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup I5a1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5008769Fernandes et al., 2012noneI5a1:315.1C, 6593, 12771

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10049803United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10049804United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10049805United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|

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