FTDNA Sales Banner
Ads and affiliate links like this help support the Q-M242 project's efforts to test indigenous peoples. Please read the affiliateship and business disclaimers for details. You may also donate directly here.



Age: 2,124.0 ± 6,112.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A10819G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: I4
Descendant branch(s): I4a1 I4a2


Haplogroup I4a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 8,200 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup I4a Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
14 I4a A10819G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 I4a A10819G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 I4a A10819G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 I4a A10819G Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup I4a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001267 Behar et al., 2012b none I4a:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 11563A
Hap5001315 Behar et al., 2012b none I4a:315.1C, 523-524d, 8886
Hap5001727 Behar et al., 2012b none I4a:315.1C, 523-524d
Hap5004661 Behar et al., 2012b I4a:573.1XC I4a:315.1C, 523-524d, 8886
Hap5004872 Behar et al., 2012b I4a:573.1XC I4a:315.1C, 523-524d, 572.1TCCCC
Hap5005375 Behar et al., 2012b I4a:9540, 16189 I4a:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5007204 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none I4a:315.1C, 523-524d, 16192
Hap5008272 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none I4a:93, 309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 6221, 11075, 13710
Hap5008645 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none I4a:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5008699 Fernandes et al., 2012 none I4a:309.1C, 315.1C, 7874, 15323, 16294, 16519
Hap5009541 Herrnstadt et al., 2002 I4a:146, 152, 195, 199, 204, 247, 250, 573.1XC, 16187, 16189, 16230, 16278, 16311, 16391 I4a:1-576d, 1438, 5656, 7762, 8697, 12083G, 14861, 16024-16569d
Hap5012810 Raule et al., 2014 none I4a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 3199, 10742, 16093, 16292
Hap5013020 Raule et al., 2014 I4a:573.1XC I4a:315.1C, 574C, 4056, 5465, 11016, 14839
Hap5013233 Raule et al., 2014 I4a:573.1XC I4a:119, 121, 150, 315.1C
Hap5014213 Sequeira et al., 2015 I4a:573.1XC I4a:315.1C, 523-524d
Hap5021223 Olivieri et al., 2013 none I4a:309.1C, 315.1C, 12495, 16111G

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10049399United StatesUnited StatesCanadaCanada
Hap10049400United StatesUnited StatesCanadaCanada
Hap10049401United StatesUnited StatesFranceFrance
Hap10049403United StatesUnited StatesHungaryHungary
Hap10049404United StatesPanamaIrelandIreland
Hap10049405United StatesUnited StatesIrelandIreland
Hap10049406United StatesUnited StatesIrelandIreland
Hap10049407United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10049409South AfricaPortugalPortugalPortugal
Hap10049410United StatesUnited StatesPortugalPortugal
Hap10049411South AfricaSouth AfricaSouth AfricaSouth Africa
Hap10049413UnspecifiedUnited StatesSwedenSweden
Hap10049414UnspecifiedUnited StatesSwitzerlandSwitzerland
Hap10049415United KingdomUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10049416United KingdomUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10049417United KingdomUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places:

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

you're currently offline