Age: 5,070.2 ± 3,016.9; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G2849A
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: I3a
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup I3a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 2,100 and 8,100 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup I3a1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01I32849Released 27 Aug 2008
02I32849Released 14 Oct 2008
14I3a1G2849AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15I3a1G2849AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16I3a1G2849AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17I3a1G2849AReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup I3a1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5000196Bandelt et al., 2005I3a1:8251I3a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1ACAC, 709, 13395
Hap5004195Behar et al., 2012bnoneI3a1:258, 309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1ACACAC
Hap5007865Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneI3a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1ACACACAC, 750, 4577, 8962, 12396, 16172, 16174

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10049316AustriaCzech RepublicCzech RepublicCzech Republic
Hap10049319United StatesGermanyGermanyGermany
Hap10049320UnspecifiedUnited StatesHungaryHungary
Hap10049321United StatesJapanJapanJapan
Hap10049323United StatesUnited StatesPolandPoland
Hap10049324United StatesUnited StatesSloveniaSlovenia
Hap10049325DenmarkIndonesiaUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10049326United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10049327United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10049328United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10049329United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10049330United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10049331United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10049332United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10049333United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10049334UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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