Age: 3,827.8 ± 3,795.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Variants: G6480A
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: I2
Descendant branch(s):

YFull Info

Name: I2d
Age: 15800 to 12900 ybp [95% CI]
Expansion: 15300 to 10500 ybp [95% CI]
 Variants: G6480A

Note: This information does not imply an endorsement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.

Haplogroup I2d is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between and 7,600 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup I2d Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
14 I2d G6480A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 I2d G6480A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 I2d G6480A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 I2d G6480A Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup I2d Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing results over to build 17.

Hg IDOriginPublicationHg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFullMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5003187 Behar et al., 2012b I2d I2d* none I2d:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5004602 Behar et al., 2012b I2d I2d* I2d:199, 16311 I2d:309.1C, 315.1C, 16325
Hap5008709 Czech Republic Fernandes et al., 2012 I2d I2d* none I2d:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5009776 Herrnstadt et al., 2002 I2d I2d* I2d:146, 195, 199, 204, 207, 247, 250, 573.1XC, 16187, 16189, 16230, 16278, 16311, 16391 I2d:1-576d, 14766, 16024-16569d
Hap5013232 Denmark Raule et al., 2014 I2d I2d* I2d:573.1XC I2d:309.1C, 315.1C, 9214
Hap5013337 Denmark Raule et al., 2014 I2d I2d1 I2d:573.1XC I2d:309.1C, 315.1C, 567C, 11930
Hap5014158 Sequeira et al., 2015 I2d I2d* I2d:199, 573.1XC, 16311 I2d:310, 16325

Sources & Resources

Related Sources


Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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