FTDNA Sales Banner
Ads and affiliate links like this help support the Q-M242 project's efforts to test indigenous peoples. Please read the affiliateship and business disclaimers for details. You may also donate directly here.



Age: 2,268.4 ± 2,693.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T460C G9438A
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: I2
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup I2c is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 5,000 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup I2c Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
14 I2c T460C G9438A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 I2c T460C G9438A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 I2c T460C G9438A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 I2c T460C G9438A Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup I2c Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001521 Behar et al., 2012b none I2c:152, 315.1C, 5457
Hap5001611 Behar et al., 2012b none I2c:152, 315.1C
Hap5002382 Behar et al., 2012b none I2c:315.1C, 14207, 16218, 16318
Hap5004545 Behar et al., 2012b none I2c:315.1C, 455.1TT, 459.1C
Hap5005024 Behar et al., 2012b none I2c:315.1C, 6293
Hap5022883 Zheng et al., 2012 I2c:146 I2c:13056

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10048932United StatesUnited StatesCanadaCanada
Hap10048935United StatesIrelandIrelandIreland
Hap10048936New ZealandNew ZealandNew ZealandNew Zealand
Hap10048938CanadaCanadaUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10048939AustraliaUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10048940CanadaUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10048941United StatesUnited StatesUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10048942United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10048943United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10048944United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10048945United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10048946United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10048947United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10048948United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10048949United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10048950United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places:

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

you're currently offline