Age: 38,555.4 ± 6,383.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: 573.XC A10398G! G15043A
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: N1a
Descendant branch(s): N1a1a N1a1b


Haplogroup N1a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 11,500 and 21,500 years (Behar et al., 2012b).


This timeline is an overview of the N1a1 branch’s history from the first early people to the birth of the first woman from the N1a1 lineage. (View in new tab.)

mtDNA Haplogroup N1a1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01N1a’e’I10398 15043Released 27 Aug 2008
02N1a’e’I10398 15043Released 14 Oct 2008
03N1a’e’I10398 15043Released 1 Mar 2009
04N1a’e’I10398 15043Released 10 May 2009
05N1a’e’I10398 15043Released 8 Jul 2009
06N1a’e’I10398 15043Released 28 Sep 2009
07N1a’e’I10398 15043Released 10 Nov 2009
08N1a’e’I10398 15043Released 21 Mar 2010
09N1a’e’I573.1C 10398 15043Released 20 Jun 2010
10N1a’e’I573.1C 10398 15043Released 10 Aug 2010
11N1a’e’I573.1C 10398 15043Released 7 Feb 2011
12N1a’e’I573.1C 10398 15043Released 20 Jul 2011
13N1a’e’I573.1C 10398 15043Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14N1a’e’I573.XC A10398G! G15043AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15N1a1573.XC A10398G! G15043AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16N1a1573.XC A10398G! G15043AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17N1a1573.XC A10398G! G15043AReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup N1a1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places:

Last Updated: Last updated: October 14, 2018 at 20:28 pm

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