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Age: 7,078.4 ± 2,186.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: East Asia
Mutations: C14944T
Parent Branch: A5a
Descendant branch(s): A5a1a A5a1b


Haplogroup A5a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 4,900 and 9,300 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

So far, all who belong to this lineage also belong to one of its daughter branches.

mtDNA Haplogroup A5a1 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01A5a114944Released 27 Aug 2008
02A5a114944Released 14 Oct 2008
03A5a114944Released 1 Mar 2009
04A5a114944Released 10 May 2009
05A5a114944Released 8 Jul 2009
06A5a114944Released 28 Sep 2009
07A5a114944Released 10 Nov 2009
08A5a114944Released 21 Mar 2010
09A5a114944Released 20 Jun 2010
10A5a114944Released 10 Aug 2010
11A5a114944Released 7 Feb 2011
12A5a114944Released 20 Jul 2011
13A5a114944Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14A5a1C14944TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15A5a1C14944TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16A5a1C14944TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17A5a1C14944TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup A5a1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: August 13, 2016 at 22:12 pm

2016-08-13T22:12:41+00:00June 6th, 2016|