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Age: 8,026.7 ± 2,396.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: East Asia
Mutations: 2156.1A G4655A C11647T C16187T!
Parent Branch: A5
Descendant branch(s): A5a1 A5a2 A5a3 A5a4 A5a5


Haplogroup A5a is an East Asian branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 5,600 and 10,400 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

Information in published studies comes from four papers. In all, the members maternal origin is Japan (Bilal et al., 2008, Mikami et al., 2013, Tanaka et al., 2004, Zheng et al., 2011).

The Geno 2 data set includes participants with maternal origins in China, South Korea, and Japan.

This is consistent with links between the Han in mainland China being linked to the Japanese and Koreans.

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Information

This information comes from the 2012 update of the National Geographic Genographic Project website.



mtDNA haplogroup A5a - Geno 2.0

mtDNA Haplogroup A5a – Geno 2.0 | Author: Balanovsky, O. et al., 2011 | Copyright: National Geographic


Haplogroup: A5a
Age: 7,600 ± 2,850 Years Ago
Origin: Asia
Blurb: This step in your ancestors' travels happened in East Asia about 7,600 years ago. It spread into the coastal islands and is common throughout Japan. Isolated populations are also present in northern Central Asia.
Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup A5a Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01A5a152 2156.1A 4655 11647 16187Released 27 Aug 2008
02A5a152 2156.1A 4655 11647 16187Released 14 Oct 2008
03A5a152 2156.1A 4655 11647 16187Released 1 Mar 2009
04A5a152 2156.1A 4655 11647 16187Released 10 May 2009
05A5a152 2156.1A 4655 11647 16187Released 8 Jul 2009
06A5a152! 2156.1A 4655 11647 16187Released 28 Sep 2009
07A5a152! 2156.1A 4655 11647 16187Released 10 Nov 2009
08A5a152! 2156.1A 4655 11647 16187Released 21 Mar 2010
09A5a2156.1A 4655 11647 16187Released 20 Jun 2010
10A5a2156.1A 4655 11647 16187Released 10 Aug 2010
11A5a2156.1A 4655 11647 16187Released 7 Feb 2011
12A5a2156.1A 4655 11647 16187Released 20 Jul 2011
13A5a2156.1A 4655 11647 16187Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14A5a2156.1A G4655A C11647T C16187T!Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15A5a2156.1A G4655A C11647T C16187T!Released 30 Sep 2012
16A5a2156.1A G4655A C11647T C16187T!Released 19 Feb 2014
17A5a2156.1A G4655A C11647T C16187T!Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup A5a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5005539Bilal et al., 2008noneA5a:315.1C, 523-524d, 13759, 14757, 16209, 16519
Hap5011907Mikami et al., 2013noneA5a:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5014588Tanaka et al., 2004noneA5a:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5014645Tanaka et al., 2004noneA5a:153, 309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5015017Tanaka et al., 2004noneA5a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 9386, 14094, 16519
Hap5015066Tanaka et al., 2004noneA5a:315.1C, 523-524d, 629, 5582, 16519
Hap5015206Tanaka et al., 2004noneA5a:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5022292Zheng et al., 2011A5a:195A5a:523-524d, 9488, 15519, 16295

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10042998United StatesKorea, SouthKorea, SouthKorea, South

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places: China, Japan, and Korea

Last Updated: Last updated: September 26, 2018 at 6:24 am

2018-09-26T06:24:40+00:00June 6th, 2016|
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