Age: 6,774.3 ± 4,573.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Asia
Mutations: T2857C A8962G C9711T
Parent Branch: A
Descendant branch(s): A3a


Haplogroup A3 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 2,200 and 11,300 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Published research includes five Japanese samples between three studies (Mikami et al., 2013, Nohira et al., 2009, and Ueno et al., 2009).

Geno 2 includes one person from the lineage whose maternal origin traces to Taiwan.


The age of the branch and its known origins indicate that one or more women in it may have taken part in the rice farming revolution.

mtDNA Haplogroup A3 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01A32857 8962 9711 13140 13737 15286 16519Released 27 Aug 2008
02A32857 8962 9711 13140 13737 15286 16519Released 14 Oct 2008
03A32857 8962 9711Released 1 Mar 2009
04A32857 8962 9711Released 10 May 2009
05A32857 8962 9711Released 8 Jul 2009
06A32857 8962 9711Released 28 Sep 2009
07A32857 8962 9711Released 10 Nov 2009
08A32857 8962 9711Released 21 Mar 2010
09A32857 8962 9711Released 20 Jun 2010
10A32857 8962 9711Released 10 Aug 2010
11A32857 8962 9711Released 7 Feb 2011
12A32857 8962 9711Released 20 Jul 2011
13A32857 8962 9711Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14A3T2857C A8962G C9711TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15A3T2857C A8962G C9711TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16A3T2857C A8962G C9711TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17A3T2857C A8962G C9711TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup A3 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5011870Mikami et al., 2013noneA3:150, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d
Hap5011959Mikami et al., 2013noneA3:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d
Hap5012046Nohira et al., 2009noneA3:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16209, 16356
Hap5015320Ueno et al., 2009noneA3:309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 8781, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10042992United StatesTaiwanUnspecifiedTaiwan

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: - | Places: Japan and Taiwan

Last Updated: Last updated: August 8, 2016 at 21:11 pm

2016-08-08T21:11:58+00:00June 6th, 2016|