Ladakh - Wikipedia



Age: Undetermined
Origin: Tibet
Variants: G14364A
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: A
Descendant branch(s):

YFull Info

Name: -
Age: -
Expansion: -
 Variants: -

Note: This information does not imply an endorsement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.

Haplogroup A21 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity with a likely origin in Tibet or the surrounding region. Its age has not been determined.

Academic information comes from three studies of peoples in or near Tibet. The first study found a member of the lineage in Chamdo, Tibet (Qin et al., 2010). Another comes from GenBank samples from an unpublished study of the Ladakh tribe (Sharma V et al., 2012). Finally, the branch was found in the Sherpa people (Kang et al., 2013).

Interestingly, the Geno 2 data set includes someone whose maternal origins are from Trinidad and Tobago. The a likely explanation is that their ancestor was one of the thousands of Indians taken into indentured service by the British. They became known as Indo-Trinidadians.

mtDNA Haplogroup A21 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
16 A21 G14364A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 A21 G14364A Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup A21 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing results over to build 17.

Hg ID Origin Publication Hg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFull Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5010711 - Kang et al., 2013 A21 - none A21:16092, 16519
Hap5010712 - Kang et al., 2013 A21 - none A21:16092, 16519
Hap5012391 - Qin et al. 2010 A21 - none A21:151, 315.1C, 632, 8506, 13020, 13145, 14962, 16519
Hap5017294 - Sharma V et al., 2012 A21 - none A21:143, 309.1C, 315.1C, 13934, 16519

Sources & Resources

Related Sources


Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: Ladakh, Sherpa, and Tibetans | Places: Tibet

Last Updated: Last updated: August 13, 2016 at 19:43 pm


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