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A2i

Summary

Age: 14,089.1 ± 2,378.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G94A 960.XC 3307.1A T3308C C5165T T6620C A14280G T14470C C15386T T16325C
Parent Branch: A2
Descendant branch(s):

Background

Haplogroup A2i is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 11,700 and 16,500 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup A2i Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build#CalledMutationsNotes
01A2i960.1C 3308A 3309.1A 6620 14280 14470 16325Released 27 Aug 2008
02A2i960.1C 3308A 3309.1A 6620 14280 14470 16325Released 14 Oct 2008
03A2i(94) 960.1C 3308A 3309.1A 6620 14280 14470 15386 16325Released 1 Mar 2009
04A2i(94) 960.1C 3308A 3309.1A 6620 14280 14470 15386 16325Released 10 May 2009
05A2i(94) 960.1C 3308A 3309.1A 6620 14280 14470 15386 16325Released 8 Jul 2009
06A2i(94) 960.1C 3307.1A 3308 5165 6620 14280 14470 15386 16325Released 28 Sep 2009
07A2i(94) 960.1C 3307.1A 3308 5165 6620 14280 14470 15386 16325Released 10 Nov 2009
08A2i(94) 960.1C 3307.1A 3308 5165 6620 14280 14470 15386 16325Released 21 Mar 2010
09A2i(94) 960.1C 3307.1A 3308 5165 6620 14280 14470 15386 16325Released 20 Jun 2010
10A2i(94) 960.1C 3307.1A 3308 5165 6620 14280 14470 15386 16325Released 10 Aug 2010
11A2i(94) 960.1C 3307.1A 3308 5165 6620 14280 14470 15386 16325Released 7 Feb 2011
12A2i(94) 960.1C 3307.1A 3308 5165 6620 14280 14470 15386 16325Released 20 Jul 2011
13A2i94 960.1C 3307.1A 3308 5165 6620 14280 14470 15386 16325Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14A2iG94A 960.XC 3307.1A T3308C C5165T T6620C A14280G T14470C C15386T T16325CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15A2iG94A 960.XC 3307.1A T3308C C5165T T6620C A14280G T14470C C15386T T16325CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16A2iG94A 960.XC 3307.1A T3308C C5165T T6620C A14280G T14470C C15386T T16325CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17A2iG94A 960.XC 3307.1A T3308C C5165T T6620C A14280G T14470C C15386T T16325CReleased 18 Feb 2016


mtDNA Haplogroup A2i Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001809Behar et al., 2012bnoneA2i:315.1C, 523-524d, 16189Y
Hap5003231Behar et al., 2012bnoneA2i:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 8854
Hap5007521Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneA2i:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 12444, 12996
Hap5007811Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneA2i:315.1C, 523-524d, 8566
Hap5009474Herrnstadt et al., 2002A2i:64, 94, 152, 153, 195, 235, 247, 3307.1A, 3308, 16111, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16230, 16278, 16290, 16311, 16319, 16325, 16362A2i:1-576d, 3308A, 3312.1C, 16024-16569d
Hap5015946Achilli et al., 2008noneA2i:315.1C, 523-524d

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10042240CanadaCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10042241CanadaCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10042242CanadaCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10042243CanadaCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10042244CanadaCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10042245CanadaCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10042246CanadaCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10042247CanadaCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10042248CanadaCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10042249United StatesCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10042250United StatesCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10042251United StatesCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10042252CubaCubaCubaCuba
Hap10042253United StatesMexicoMexicoMexico
Hap10042254United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10042255United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10042256United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10042257United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10042258United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10042259CanadaCanadaUnspecifiedCanada
Hap10042260CanadaCanadaUnspecifiedCanada
Hap10042261CanadaCanadaUnspecifiedCanada
Hap10042262CanadaCanadaUnspecifiedCanada
Hap10042263CanadaCanadaUnspecifiedCanada
Hap10042264CanadaUnited KingdomUnspecifiedUnited Kingdom
Hap10042265United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10042266United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10042267CanadaUnspecifiedUnspecifiedCanada
Hap10042268United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10042269United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10042270UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10042271UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10042272UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10042273UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10042274UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10042275UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10042276UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10042277UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10042278UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10042279UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10042280UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10042281UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10042282UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10042283UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10042284UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10042285UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10042286UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10042287UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10042288UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10042289UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10042290UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10042291UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10042292UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10042293UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10042294UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10042295UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10042296UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10042297UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10042298UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10042299UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10042300UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10042301UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10042302UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10042303UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10042304UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Keywords

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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 June 6th, 2016|