Age: Undetermined
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T8548C G16274A
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: A2d1
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup A2d1a is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

mtDNA Haplogroup A2d1a Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01A2d1a8548 16274Released 27 Aug 2008
02A2d1a8548 16274Released 14 Oct 2008
04A2d1a8548 16274Released 10 May 2009
05A2d1a8548 16274Released 8 Jul 2009
06A2d1a8548 16274Released 28 Sep 2009
07A2d1a8548 16274Released 10 Nov 2009
08A2d1a8548 16274Released 21 Mar 2010
09A2d1a8548 16274Released 20 Jun 2010
10A2d1a8548 16274Released 10 Aug 2010
11A2d1a8548 16274Released 7 Feb 2011
12A2d1a8548 16274Released 20 Jul 2011
13A2d1a8548 16274Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14A2d1aT8548C G16274AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15A2d1aT8548C G16274AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16A2d1aT8548C G16274AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17A2d1aT8548C G16274AReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup A2d1a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001648Behar et al., 2012bA2d1a:64A2d1a:315.1C, 523-524d, 8122R, 10712, 16519
Hap5010429Just et al., 2008A2d1a:64A2d1a:315.1C, 523-524d, 10712, 16519
Hap5010430Just et al., 2008A2d1a:64A2d1a:309.1CN, 315.1C, 523-524d, 12696, 16519
Hap5010431Just et al., 2008A2d1a:64A2d1a:315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5010432Just et al., 2008A2d1a:64A2d1a:23, 315.1C, 523-524d, 12358, 16519
Hap5010433Just et al., 2008noneA2d1a:315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5022246Zheng et al., 2012noneA2d1a:523-524d, 5558, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10042028United StatesMexicoMexicoMexico
Hap10042029United StatesMexicoMexicoMexico
Hap10042030United StatesMexicoMexicoMexico
Hap10042031United KingdomUnited KingdomMexicoMexico
Hap10042032United StatesUnited StatesMexicoMexico
Hap10042033United StatesUnited StatesMexicoMexico
Hap10042034United StatesUnited StatesMexicoMexico
Hap10042035United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10042036United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10042037United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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