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A2d

Summary

Age: 10,850.3 ± 3,891.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C6308T
Parent Branch: A2
Descendant branch(s): A2d1 A2d2

Background

Haplogroup A2d is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 7,000 and 14,700 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup A2d Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

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Build#CalledMutationsNotes
01A2d6308Released 27 Aug 2008
02A2d6308Released 14 Oct 2008
03A2d6308Released 1 Mar 2009
04A2d6308Released 10 May 2009
05A2d6308Released 8 Jul 2009
06A2d6308Released 28 Sep 2009
07A2d6308Released 10 Nov 2009
08A2d6308Released 21 Mar 2010
09A2d6308Released 20 Jun 2010
10A2d6308Released 10 Aug 2010
11A2d6308Released 7 Feb 2011
12A2d6308Released 20 Jul 2011
13A2d6308Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14A2dC6308TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15A2dC6308TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16A2dC6308TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17A2dC6308TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup A2d Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5010418Just et al., 2008A2d:16111A2d:51, 309.1CN, 315.1C, 523-524d, 959, 16519
Hap5014211Sequeira et al., 2015noneA2d:183, 315.1C, 523-524d, 3316, 4655, 6366, 8108, 9160, 16287, 16468, 16519
Hap5017626noneA2d:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 5972, 9612C, 16153, 16519
Hap5017666A2d:16111A2d:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16093, 16519
Hap5017693A2d:16129A2d:309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10041946United StatesCubaCubaCuba
Hap10041947United States TerritoriesCubaCubaCuba
Hap10041948AustraliaMexicoMexicoMexico
Hap10041949MexicoMexicoMexicoMexico
Hap10041950MexicoMexicoMexicoMexico
Hap10041951United StatesMexicoMexicoMexico
Hap10041952United StatesUnited StatesMexicoMexico
Hap10041953United StatesPuerto RicoPuerto RicoPuerto Rico
Hap10041954United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10041955United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10041956United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10041957United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10041958United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10041959MexicoMexicoUnspecifiedMexico
Hap10041960United StatesMexicoUnspecifiedMexico
Hap10041961United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10041962United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10041963United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10041964United KingdomUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited Kingdom
Hap10041965United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10041966United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10041967UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10041968UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10041969UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10041970UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10041971UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10041972UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10041973UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10041974UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10041975UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10041976UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10041977UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10041978UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10041979UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10041980UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10041981UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10041982UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10041983UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10041984UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10041985UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10041986UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10041987UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10041988UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10041989UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10041990UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10041991UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10041992UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10041993UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10041994UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10041995UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10041996UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10041997UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10041998UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10041999UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Keywords

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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|