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Age: Undetermined
Origin: The Americas
Mutations: C16239a C16266T
Parent Branch: A2
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup A2aa is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

mtDNA Haplogroup A2aa Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

14A2aaC16239a C16266TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15A2aaC16239a C16266TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16A2aaC16239a C16266TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17A2aaC16239a C16266TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup A2aa Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5002108Behar et al., 2012bnoneA2aa:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 8387, 9022R, 9098, 11944, 16153
Hap5007081Fagundes et al., 2008noneA2aa:523-524d, 709, 1117, 15470, 16519
Hap5007086Fagundes et al., 2008noneA2aa:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 554N, 11944, 15946, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: December 7, 2017 at 6:58 am

2017-12-07T06:58:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|