Haplogroup A17 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity. Its age has not been determined, but its likely origin is in Asia.
Published studies on this lineage are limited. Zheng et al., 2011 includes a member from the Han population in China. In addition to these, there are two unpublished samples from China (Jiang et al., in 2014) and two from unpublished samples from the Ladakh people in the north of India (Sharma V et al., 2012).
Interestingly, the two people in the Geno 2 database both trace their maternal ancestry to Turkey.
It is difficult to be sure without knowing the age of this branch, but the spread of this lineage may connect to the history of the Silk Road.
mtDNA Haplogroup A17 Phylotree History
Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.
|15||A4g||G4113A A5514G T9126C G15217A||Released 30 Sep 2012|
|16||A17||G4113A A5514G T9126C G15217A||Released 19 Feb 2014|
|17||A17||G4113A A5514G T9126C G15217A||Released 18 Feb 2016|
mtDNA Haplogroup A17 Data Sources
GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.
Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.
|Hg ID||Publication||Missing Variants||Additional Variants|
|Hap5010217||Jiang et al., 2014||A17:16278, 16311||A17:140, 309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 930, 16051|
|Hap5010298||Jiang et al., 2014||A17:16290, 16311||A17:41, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 482, 523-524d, 4561, 15346, 16325, 16519|
|Hap5017249||Sharma V et al., 2012||A17:16311||A17:309.1CCT, 310, 315.1C, 523-524d, 1833, 13965, 16235|
|Hap5017286||Sharma V et al., 2012||A17:16311||A17:523-524d, 1833, 13965, 16235|
|Hap5022215||Zheng et al., 2011||none||A17:523-524d, 16390, 16519|
Geno 2.0 Data
Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.
Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.
If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.
Sources & Resources
- Behar, D.M., van Oven, M., Rosset, S., Metspalu, M., Loogväli, E.L., Silva, N.M., Kivisild, T., Torroni, A. and Villems, R. (2012). A “Copernican” reassessment of the human mitochondrial DNA tree from its root. American journal of human genetics, 90(4), 675-684.
- Fan, L., & Yao, Y. G. (2011). MitoTool: a web server for the analysis and retrieval of human mitochondrial DNA sequence variations. Mitochondrion, 11(2), 351-356.
- Fan, L., & Yao, Y. G. (2013). An update to MitoTool: using a new scoring system for faster mtDNA haplogroup determination. Mitochondrion, 13(4), 360-363.
- - (2014). A Direct Submission to GenBank by Jiang et al., in 2014. , unpublished, unpublished.
- - (2012). A Direct Submission to GenBank by Sharma V et al., 2012. , unpublished, unpublished.
- Van Oven, M., & Kayser, M. (2009). Updated comprehensive phylogenetic tree of global human mitochondrial DNA variation. Human mutation, 30(2), E386-E394.
- Zheng, H.X., Yan, S., Qin, Z.D., Wang, Y., Tan, J.Z., Li, H. and Jin, L. (2011). Major Population Expansion of East Asians Began before Neolithic Time: Evidence of mtDNA Genomes. PLoS ONE, 6(10), e25835+.
- Ian Logan's mtDNA Pages
- Ian Logan's Instructions for mtGenome Genbank Donation
- James Lick's mtDNA Utility
- The FTDNA Haplogroup Project for Haplogroup A2
- The Wikipedia Article for Haplogroup A
The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.
Peoples: Han Chinese and Ladakh | Places: East Asia, India, and Turkey
Last Updated: Last updated: August 14, 2016 at 20:07 pm