Haplogroup A16 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity. Its age is not yet clear.
Information on the lineage comes from two studies. The first found it in the Buryat population (Derenko et al., 2007). The second has a member from an ethnic Turkish group (Schönberg et al., 2011).
The Geno 2 data set does not include a member of this lineage.
Based on limited information, the line was born in Asia. The exact region cannot be determined though.
Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.
|13||A4f||298A 2706! 6023 11557 14929 16292A||Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS|
|14||A4f||C298a G2706A G6023A A11557G C14929T C16292a||Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS|
|15||A4f||C298a G2706A G6023A A11557G C14929T C16292a||Released 30 Sep 2012|
|16||A16||C298a G2706A G6023A A11557G C14929T C16292a||Released 19 Feb 2014|
|17||A16||C298a G2706A G6023A A11557G C14929T C16292a||Released 18 Feb 2016|
GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.
Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.
|Hg ID||Publication||Missing Variants||Additional Variants|
|Hap5013989||Schönberg et al., 2011||A16:11914||A16:199, 310, 523-524d, 16519|
|Hap5015766||Derenko et al., 2007||none||A16:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 5267, 15110, 16519|
Geno 2.0 Data
Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.
Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.
If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.
- Behar, D.M., van Oven, M., Rosset, S., Metspalu, M., Loogväli, E.L., Silva, N.M., Kivisild, T., Torroni, A. and Villems, R. (2012). A “Copernican” reassessment of the human mitochondrial DNA tree from its root. American Journal of Human Genetics, 90(4), 675-684.
- Derenko, M., Malyarchuk, B., Grzybowski, T., Denisova, G., Dambueva, I., Perkova, M., Dorzhu, C., Luzina, F., Lee, H.K., Vanecek, T. and Villems, R. (2007). Phylogeographic Analysis of Mitochondrial DNA in Northern Asian Populations. American Journal of Human Genetics, 81(5), 1025-1041.
- Fan, L., & Yao, Y. G. (2011). MitoTool: a web server for the analysis and retrieval of human mitochondrial DNA sequence variations. Mitochondrion, 11(2), 351-356.
- Fan, L., & Yao, Y. G. (2013). An update to MitoTool: using a new scoring system for faster mtDNA haplogroup determination. Mitochondrion, 13(4), 360-363.
- Pilipenko, A.S., Cherdantsev, S.V., Trapezov, R.O., Zhuravlev, A.A., Babenko, V.N., Pozdnyakov, D.V., Konovalov, P.B. and Polosmak, N.V. (2017). Mitochondrial DNA diversity in a Transbaikalian Xiongnu population. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, -, 1-14.
- Schonberg, Anna; Theunert, Christoph; Li, Mingkun; Stoneking, Mark & Nasidze, Ivan (2011). High-throughput sequencing of complete human mtDNA genomes from the Caucasus and West Asia: high diversity and demographic inferences. European Journal of Human Genetics, 19(9), 988-994.
- Van Oven, M., & Kayser, M. (2009). Updated comprehensive phylogenetic tree of global human mitochondrial DNA variation. Human mutation, 30(2), E386-E394.
- Ian Logan's mtDNA Pages
- Ian Logan's Instructions for mtGenome Genbank Donation
- James Lick's mtDNA Utility
- The FTDNA Haplogroup Project for Haplogroup A2
- The Wikipedia Article for Haplogroup A
The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.
Last Updated: Last updated: August 13, 2016 at 13:15 pm
Peoples: Buryat and Turks | Places: Siberia and Turkey