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Age: 12,907.3 ± 5,150.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Asia
Mutations: A12720G T14290C
Parent Branch: A
Descendant branch(s): A12a


Haplogroup A12 is a Siberian branch on the maternal tree of humanity. Its age has not been determined.

What is known about this line comes from one research paper. The sample in it is from the Buryat people of Siberia. (Derenko et al., 2007)

It is not represented in the Geno 2 data set.

Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01A4b12720 14290 16189Released 27 Aug 2008
02A4b12720 14290 16189Released 14 Oct 2008
03A4b12720 14290 16189Released 1 Mar 2009
04A4b12720 14290 16189Released 10 May 2009
05A4b12720 14290 16189Released 8 Jul 2009
06A4b12720 14290 16189Released 28 Sep 2009
07A4b12720 14290 16189Released 10 Nov 2009
08A4b12720 14290 16189Released 21 Mar 2010
09A4b12720 14290 16189Released 20 Jun 2010
10A4b12720 14290 16189Released 10 Aug 2010
11A4b12720 14290 16189Released 7 Feb 2011
12A4b12720 14290 16189Released 20 Jul 2011
13A4b12720 14290 16189Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14A4bA12720G T14290C T16189C!Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15A4bA12720G T14290C T16189C!Released 30 Sep 2012
16A12A12720G T14290C T16189C!Released 19 Feb 2014
17A12A12720G T14290CReleased 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5015757Derenko et al., 2007A12:16362A12:315.1C, 523-524d, 8496, 8874A, 16172, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: August 14, 2016 at 19:03 pm


Peoples: | Places: Siberia

2016-08-14T19:03:53+00:00 June 6th, 2016|