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Age: 6,039.0 ± 4,678.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Tibetan Plateau
Mutations: T1005C 5899.XC G6755A T8843C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: A11
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup A11a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 1,400 and 10,700 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Four research studies include the A11a lineage. All have placed it in Tibetan peoples (Kang et al., 2013, Qin et al., 2010, Ji F et al., 2012, and Zhao et al., 2009). Specifically, it has been found in the Nyingchi, the Shannan, and the Lhasa peoples (Qin et al., 2010 and Ji F et al., 2012) as well as the Sherpa (Kang et al., 2013).

Geno 2 data has one participant with demographic information. They are from India.

mtDNA Haplogroup A11a Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

09A11a1005 5899.1C 6755 8843Released 20 Jun 2010
10A11a1005 5899.1C 6755 8843Released 10 Aug 2010
11A11a1005 5899.1C 6755 8843Released 7 Feb 2011
12A11a1005 5899.1C 6755 8843Released 20 Jul 2011
13A11a1005 5899.1C 6755 8843Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14A11aT1005C 5899.XC G6755A T8843CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15A11aT1005C 5899.XC G6755A T8843CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16A11aT1005C 5899.XC G6755A T8843CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17A11aT1005C 5899.XC G6755A T8843CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup A11a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5010707Kang et al., 2013noneA11a:207, 279, 523-524d, 749, 2483, 8929N, 16093
Hap5010708Kang et al., 2013noneA11a:207, 279, 523-524d, 749, 2483, 8929N, 16093
Hap5012394Qin et al. 2010noneA11a:207, 279, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 10908, 14782, 15924, 16093, 16300
Hap5012396Qin et al. 2010noneA11a:309.1C, 315.1C, 9103, 10978, 16093, 16243
Hap5012409Qin et al. 2010noneA11a:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 8600, 8860, 9098, 12397, 16093, 16519
Hap5012415Qin et al. 2010noneA11a:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 13246, 16519
Hap5015561Zhao et al., 2009noneA11a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 4952, 12634, 16093, 16519
Hap5015579Zhao et al., 2009noneA11a:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d
Hap5016442Ji F et al., 2012A11a:146, 195, 5899.1XCA11a:523-524d, 5581, 16093
Hap5016443Ji F et al., 2012A11a:5899.1XCA11a:151, 16274, 16519
Hap5017252Sharma V et al., 2012noneA11a:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 4048, 4113, 16093
Hap5017271Sharma V et al., 2012A11a:5899.1XCA11a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 5105, 5162, 12523, 16093
Hap5017277Sharma V et al., 2012noneA11a:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 5105, 5162, 12523, 16093

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: Lhasa, Nyingchi, Shannan, and Sherpa | Places: India and Tibet

Last Updated: Last updated: August 11, 2016 at 19:53 pm

2016-08-11T19:53:19+00:00June 6th, 2016|