Age: 17,349.2 ± 4,538.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Tibetan Plateau
Mutations: C9650T A16293c
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: A
Descendant branch(s): A11a A11b


Haplogroup A11 is an East Asian branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 12,800 and 21,900 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

Published studies include one person from this lineage who is not one of its two daughter branches. They are from Shannan. (Qin et al., 2010)

Geno 2 data does not have a participant from this line.

This line was likely born in the Tibetan Plateau based on the origins for its daughter lines.

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Information

This information comes from the 2012 update of the National Geographic Genographic Project website.


mtDNA Haplogroup A11 - Geno 2.0
mtDNA Haplogroup A11 – Geno 2.0 | Author: Balanovsky, O. et al., 2011 | Copyright: National Geographic


Haplogroup: A11
Age: About 15,000 Years Ago
Origin: Asia
Blurb: This lineage was born in East Asia just before the last glacial maximum began. It is most common to the peoples of the Himalaya Mountains.Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup A11 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

08A119650 16293CReleased 21 Mar 2010
09A119650 16293CReleased 20 Jun 2010
10A119650 16293CReleased 10 Aug 2010
11A119650 16293CReleased 7 Feb 2011
12A119650 16293CReleased 20 Jul 2011
13A119650 16293CReleased 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14A11C9650T A16293cReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15A11C9650T A16293cReleased 30 Sep 2012
16A11C9650T A16293cReleased 19 Feb 2014
17A11C9650T A16293cReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup A11 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5012411Qin et al. 2010A11:663A11:186, 309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 750, 4901, 13638, 14110, 14527, 16234, 16318T, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places: Tibetan Plateau

Last Updated: Last updated: September 26, 2018 at 5:21 am

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