Haplogroup A10 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 3,300 and 12,300 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).
Research studies include two people from this lineage. The first is from Russia (Malyarchuk et al., 2010a). The second is from a Canadian with European origins (Greenspan et al., 2006 – 2016).
Geno 2 samples have so far come from people in the United States and Canada with European origins.
Note that in Malyarchuk et al., 2010a the line was described as A8, and it was renamed to fit with Phylotree naming in build 7.
National Geographic Geno 2.0 Information
This information comes from the 2012 update of the National Geographic Genographic Project website.
mtDNA Haplogroup A10 Phylotree History
Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.
|07||A10||544 5393 7468 9948 10094 16227C 16311||Released 10 Nov 2009|
|08||A10||544 5393 7468 9948 10094 16227C 16311||Released 21 Mar 2010|
|09||A10||5393 7468 9948 10094 16227C 16311||Released 20 Jun 2010|
|10||A10||5393 7468 9948 10094 16227C 16311||Released 10 Aug 2010|
|11||A10||5393 7468 9948 10094 16227C 16311||Released 7 Feb 2011|
|12||A10||5393 7468 9948 10094 16227C 16311||Released 20 Jul 2011|
|13||A10||5393 7468 9948 10094 16227C 16311||Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS|
|14||A10||T5393C C7468T G9948A C10094T A16227c T16311C!||Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS|
|15||A10||T5393C C7468T G9948A C10094T A16227c T16311C!||Released 30 Sep 2012|
|16||A10||T5393C C7468T G9948A C10094T A16227c T16311C!||Released 19 Feb 2014|
|17||A10||T5393C C7468T G9948A C10094T A16227c T16311C!||Released 18 Feb 2016|
mtDNA Haplogroup A10 Data Sources
GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.
Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.
|Hg ID||Origin||Publication||Hg BLD16||Hg BLD17||Hg YFull||Missing Variants||Additional Variants|
|Hap5007736||-||Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016||A10||-||none||A10:315.1C, 523-524d, 544|
|Hap5016791||-||Malyarchuk et al., 2010a||A10||-||A10:16230||A10:64, 309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 2831, 8995, 9524, 16519|
Geno 2.0 Data
Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.
Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.
|Hap10040890||United States||United States||Unspecified||United States|
|Hap10040891||United States||United States||Unspecified||United States|
|Hap10040892||United States||Unspecified||Unspecified||United States|
If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.
Sources & Resources
- Behar, D.M., van Oven, M., Rosset, S., Metspalu, M., Loogväli, E.L., Silva, N.M., Kivisild, T., Torroni, A. and Villems, R. (2012). A “Copernican” reassessment of the human mitochondrial DNA tree from its root. American journal of human genetics, 90(4), 675-684.
- Fan, L., & Yao, Y. G. (2011). MitoTool: a web server for the analysis and retrieval of human mitochondrial DNA sequence variations. Mitochondrion, 11(2), 351-356.
- Fan, L., & Yao, Y. G. (2013). An update to MitoTool: using a new scoring system for faster mtDNA haplogroup determination. Mitochondrion, 13(4), 360-363.
- FamilyTreeDNA & Greenspan (2006). Sequences Directly Submited by FamilyTreeDNA on Customers’ Behalf. , -, -.
- Malyarchuk, B., Derenko, M., Grzybowski, T., Perkova, M., Rogalla, U., Vanecek, T. and Tsybovsky, I. (2010). The Peopling of Europe from the Mitochondrial Haplogroup U5 Perspective. PLoS ONE, 5(4), e10285+.
- Van Oven, M., & Kayser, M. (2009). Updated comprehensive phylogenetic tree of global human mitochondrial DNA variation. Human mutation, 30(2), E386-E394.
- Ian Logan’s mtDNA Pages
- Ian Logan’s Instructions for mtGenome Genbank Donation
- James Lick’s mtDNA Utility
- The FTDNA Haplogroup Project for Haplogroup A2
- The Wikipedia Article for Haplogroup A
The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.
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Last Updated: Last updated: September 26, 2018 at 5:28 am