Ads and affiliate links like this help support the Q-M242 project's efforts to test indigenous peoples. Please read the affiliateship and business disclaimers for details. You may also donate directly here.

A

Summary

Age: 24,208.8 ± 4,905.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Asia
Mutations: A235G A663G A1736G T4248C A4824G C8794T C16290T G16319A
Parent Branch: N
Descendant branch(s): A1 A10 A11 A12 A13 A14 A15 A16 A17 A18 A19 A2 A20 A21 A22 A23 A24 A25 A26 A3 A5 A6 A7 A8 A9

Background

Haplogroup A is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 19,300 and 29,100 years (Behar et al., 2012b). Through historic migrations, A members are part of native populations across Asia and the Americas.

The first members of haplogroup A likely lived in Asia. That is where most members of this line live today. However, some descendants spread into East Asia while others traveled to the Americas. They belong to the A2 branch.

Very few people today belong to the main branch of haplogroup A. Instead, they belong to one of its descendant branches. However, there are some. There are three such samples in the GenBank database. The first person is an ethnic Han from Wuhan, Hubei. Their result was published in Kong et al., 2003. The second and third are also Han Chinese. They are part of the 1K genomes data set and were published in Zheng et al., 2011. In Genographic data, members of this branch that do not belong to a daughter branch come from Afghanistan, China, Japan, Malaysia, Poland, and Turkey.

mtDNA Haplogroup A Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build#CalledMutationsNotes
01A152 235 523-524d 663 1736 4248 4824 8794 16290 16319Released 27 Aug 2008
02A152 235 523-524d 663 1736 4248 4824 8794 16290 16319Released 14 Oct 2008
03A(152) 235 663 1736 4248 4824 8794 16290 16319Released 1 Mar 2009
04A(152) 235 663 1736 4248 4824 8794 16290 16319Released 10 May 2009
05A(152) 235 663 1736 4248 4824 8794 16290 16319Released 8 Jul 2009
06A(152) 235 663 1736 4248 4824 8794 16290 16319Released 28 Sep 2009
07A(152) 235 663 1736 4248 4824 8794 16290 16319Released 10 Nov 2009
08A(152) 235 663 1736 4248 4824 8794 16290 16319Released 21 Mar 2010
09A235 663 1736 4248 4824 8794 16290 16319Released 20 Jun 2010
10A235 663 1736 4248 4824 8794 16290 16319Released 10 Aug 2010
11A235 663 1736 4248 4824 8794 16290 16319Released 7 Feb 2011
12A235 663 1736 4248 4824 8794 16290 16319Released 20 Jul 2011
13A235 663 1736 4248 4824 8794 16290 16319Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14AA235G A663G A1736G T4248C A4824G C8794T C16290T G16319AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15AA235G A663G A1736G T4248C A4824G C8794T C16290T G16319AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16AA235G A663G A1736G T4248C A4824G C8794T C16290T G16319AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17AA235G A663G A1736G T4248C A4824G C8794T C16290T G16319AReleased 18 Feb 2016


mtDNA Haplogroup A Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5022127Kong et al., 2003A:152A:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 4227, 7493, 8572, 9058, 12883, 16519
Hap5022204Zheng et al., 2011A:152A:310N, 523-524d, 4314, 7298, 8531, 16093, 16179A, 16519
Hap5022205Zheng et al., 2011A:152A:523-524d, 5512, 10646, 13590, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10040856United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10040857AfghanistanAfghanistanUnspecifiedAfghanistan
Hap10040858JapanJapanUnspecifiedJapan
Hap10040859JapanJapanUnspecifiedJapan
Hap10040860United StatesMalaysiaUnspecifiedMalaysia
Hap10040861United StatesPolandUnspecifiedPoland
Hap10040862ChinaUnspecifiedUnspecifiedChina
Hap10040863TurkeyUnspecifiedUnspecifiedTurkey
Hap10040864UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10040865UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10040866UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10040867UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10040868UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10040869UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10040870UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10040871UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10040872UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10040873UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10040874UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10040875UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10040876UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10040877UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10040878UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10040879UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10040880UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10040881UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10040882UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10040883UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10040884UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10040885UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10040886UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Keywords

Peoples: Native Americans | Places: Asia, North America, and South America

Last Updated: Last updated: March 7, 2018 at 23:19 pm

2018-03-07T23:19:26+00:00 June 6th, 2016|