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Age: 58,859.9 ± 2,352.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: East Africa or Asia
Mutations: G8701A C9540T G10398A C10873T A15301G!
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: L3
Descendant branch(s): A N1'5 N10 N11 N13 N14 N2 N21 N22 N3 N7 N8 N9 O R S X


Haplogroup N is a major branch on the maternal tree of human kind. It is a child of haplogroup L3. It was likely born between Africa and Asia around 59,000 years ago. (Behar et al., 2012b)


Out of Africa Waves - Wikipedia

Out of Africa Waves

The N lineage may have been born in either far northeastern Africa or in West Asia. Many members of this lineage were part of the Out-of-Africa movement between 50,000 and 70,000 years ago.

Some members continued on that path. Others turned and took part in a back migration into Africa. This makes it hard to tell the exact place of origin.


Behar et al., 2012b placed the birth of the N lineage between 56,500 and 61,200 years ago. This means the line was born in the Upper Paleolithic. People were using stone tools.

Ancient DNA

Coming Soon


This timeline is an overview of the N branch's history from the first early people to the birth of the first woman from the N lineage. (View in new tab.)

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: N
Age: About 70,000 Years Ago
Origin: East Africa or Asia
Blurb: This branch of your direct maternal ancestors' journey was born where East Africa meets Asia. Between 60,000 and 70,000 years ago, groups with this lineage in their population traveled from Africa to Asia. This crossing constituted the start of a long coastal migration eastward across West Asia. After several thousand years in the West Asia, members of this group began moving into unexplored nearby territories.These groups broke into smaller bands that made their way into territories surrounding West Asia following large herds of migrating game across vast plains. Their descendants are part of the populations throughout Asia, Europe, and the Americas.Today, individuals who headed west are prevalent in Turkey and the eastern Mediterranean. They are also part of the populations further east in Central Asia and the Indus Valley of Pakistan and India. Members of this line who went north out of the Levant across the Caucasus Mountains have remained in southeastern Europe and the Balkans.Interest Point: This line and its sister lineage are the only two founding lineages to expand out of Africa.

Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup N Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01N8701 9540 10398 10873 15301Released 27 Aug 2008
02N8701 9540 10398 10873 15301Released 14 Oct 2008
03N8701 9540 10398 10873 15301Released 1 Mar 2009
04N8701 9540 10398 10873 15301Released 10 May 2009
05N8701 9540 10398 10873 15301Released 8 Jul 2009
06N8701 9540 10398 10873 15301Released 28 Sep 2009
07N8701 9540 10398 10873 15301Released 10 Nov 2009
08N8701 9540 10398 10873 15301Released 21 Mar 2010
09N8701 9540 10398 10873 15301Released 20 Jun 2010
10N8701 9540 10398 10873 15301Released 10 Aug 2010
11N8701 9540 10398 10873 15301Released 7 Feb 2011
12N8701 9540 10398 10873 15301Released 20 Jul 2011
14NG8701A C9540T G10398A C10873T A15301G!Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15NG8701A C9540T G10398A C10873T A15301G!Released 30 Sep 2012
16NG8701A C9540T G10398A C10873T A15301G!Released 19 Feb 2014
17NG8701A C9540T G10398A C10873T A15301G!Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup N Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10071442United StatesUnited StatesScotlandScotland

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places: Eurasia and Leventine

Last Updated: Last updated: October 8, 2018 at 16:05 pm

2018-10-08T16:05:55+00:00June 6th, 2016|

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