Age: 4,942.5 ± 2,812.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Variants: T10454C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: M9a1b1
Descendant branch(s):

YFull Info

Name: -

Age: -

Expansion: -

Variants: -

Note: This information does not imply an endorcement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.


Haplogroup M9a1b1c is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 2,100 and 7,800 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup M9a1b1c Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
10 M9a1b1c 10454 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 M9a1b1c 10454 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 M9a1b1c 10454 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 M9a1b1c 10454 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 M9a1b1c T10454C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 M9a1b1c T10454C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 M9a1b1c T10454C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 M9a1b1c T10454C Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup M9a1b1c Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Origin Publication Hg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFull Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5012387 Qin et al. 2010 M9a1b1c M9a1b1c* M9a1b1c:16189 M9a1b1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 9254, 12530, 16172
Hap5012395 Qin et al. 2010 M9a1b1c M9a1b1c* M9a1b1c:15671 M9a1b1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 4136, 9275, 16114, 16223, 16337
Hap5015565 Zhao et al., 2009 M9a1b1c M9a1b1c* none M9a1b1c:315.1C, 1643R, 16265C
Hap5016453 Ji F et al., 2012 M9a1b1c M9a1b1c* none M9a1b1c:7785
Hap5017267 Sharma V et al., 2012 M9a1b1c M9a1b1c* M9a1b1c:195 M9a1b1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 9221, 9947, 13743

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places:

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

you're currently offline