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Age: 6,153.9 ± 5,443.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C7256T! G16145A
Parent Branch: M9a1a
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup M9a1a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 700 and 11,600 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup M9a1a2 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

08M9a1a27256 16145 16362!Released 21 Mar 2010
09M9a1a27256 16145 16362!Released 20 Jun 2010
10M9a1a27256 16145 16362!Released 10 Aug 2010
11M9a1a27256 16145Released 7 Feb 2011
12M9a1a27256 16145Released 20 Jul 2011
13M9a1a27256 16145Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14M9a1a2C7256T! G16145AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15M9a1a2C7256T! G16145AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16M9a1a2C7256T! G16145AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17M9a1a2C7256T! G16145AReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup M9a1a2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5010693Kang et al., 2013M9a1a2:195, 16362M9a1a2:15924, 16519
Hap5010694Kang et al., 2013M9a1a2:195, 16362M9a1a2:15924, 16519
Hap5010695Kang et al., 2013M9a1a2:16362M9a1a2:15924, 16519
Hap5012406Qin et al. 2010M9a1a2:16311, 16362M9a1a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 15924, 16519
Hap5012407Qin et al. 2010M9a1a2:16311, 16316, 16362M9a1a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 513, 14142A, 16293, 16519
Hap5015573Zhao et al., 2009M9a1a2:16362M9a1a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 513, 14142A, 16293, 16519
Hap5015576Zhao et al., 2009M9a1a2:16362M9a1a2:200, 315.1C, 513, 523-524d, 6512, 11536, 16093Y, 16354, 16519
Hap5015581Zhao et al., 2009M9a1a2:16362M9a1a2:315.1C, 15924, 16519
Hap5016454Ji F et al., 2012M9a1a2:16362M9a1a2:16293, 16519
Hap5016468Ji F et al., 2012M9a1a2:16362M9a1a2:513, 523-524d, 6512, 16519
Hap5016738Peng et al., 2010M9a1a2:16362M9a1a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 13731, 16519
Hap5017470Peng et al., 2011aM9a1a2:16362M9a1a2:315.1C, 513, 523-524d, 6512, 16519
Hap5017471Peng et al., 2011anoneM9a1a2:315.1C, 9305, 11778, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10071432United StatesChinaChinaChina

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|