Age: 13,934.8 ± 2,812.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Variants: A16316G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: M9a1
Descendant branch(s): M9a1a1 M9a1a2 M9a1a3

YFull Info

Name: M9a1a

Age: 34600 to 18000 ybp [95% CI]

Expansion: -

Variants: A16316G

Note: This information does not imply an endorcement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.


Haplogroup M9a1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 11,100 and 16,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup M9a1a Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
08 M9a1a 16316 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 M9a1a 16316 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 M9a1a 16316 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 M9a1a 16316 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 M9a1a 16316 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 M9a1a 16316 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 M9a1a A16316G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 M9a1a A16316G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 M9a1a A16316G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 M9a1a A16316G Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup M9a1a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Origin Publication Hg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFull Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5011302 Ko et al., 2014 M9a1a M9a1a3a none M9a1a:7609, 15884, 16248, 16265C, 16519
Hap5011305 Ko et al., 2014 M9a1a M9a1a* none M9a1a:249, 9055, 16092
Hap5017472 Peng et al., 2011a M9a1a M9a1a* M9a1a:16362 M9a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 732, 2757, 4188, 7733, 8614, 8979, 16093, 16357, 16519
Hap5017473 Peng et al., 2011a M9a1a M9a1a* M9a1a:11914, 16362 M9a1a:315.1C, 7534, 12348, 16294, 16519
Hap5017474 Peng et al., 2011a M9a1a M9a1a* M9a1a:146 M9a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 8860, 16519
Hap5018481 Korea, South Derenko et al., 2012 M9a1a M9a1a3* none M9a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 3435, 15244, 15884, 16248, 16265C, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10071402 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10071403 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places:

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

you're currently offline