Age: 15,567.2 ± 2,928.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Variants: A1041G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: M9a
Descendant branch(s): M9a1a M9a1b

YFull Info

Name: M9a1

Age: 36300 to 24600 ybp [95% CI]

Expansion: -

Variants: A1041G

Note: This information does not imply an endorcement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.


Haplogroup M9a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 12,600 and 18,500 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup M9a1 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
02 M9a’d 1041 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 M9a’d 1041 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 M9a’d 1041 Released 10 May 2009
05 M9a’d 1041 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 M9a’d 1041 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 M9a’d 1041 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 M9a1 1041 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 M9a1 1041 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 M9a1 1041 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 M9a1 1041 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 M9a1 1041 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 M9a1 1041 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 M9a1 A1041G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 M9a1 A1041G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 M9a1 A1041G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 M9a1 A1041G Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup M9a1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Origin Publication Hg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFull Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5017461 Peng et al., 2011a M9a1 M9a1* none M9a1:249, 309.1C, 315.1C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10071401 Taiwan Taiwan Taiwan Taiwan

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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