Age: 27,187.6 ± 8,131.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A153G T3394C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: M9
Descendant branch(s): M9a M9b


Haplogroup M9a’b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 19,100 and 35,300 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup M9a’b Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01M9a’b153 3394Released 27 Aug 2008
02M9a’b’c’d153 3394Released 14 Oct 2008
03M9a’b’c’d153 3394Released 1 Mar 2009
04M9a’b’c’d153 3394Released 10 May 2009
05M9a’b’c’d153 3394Released 8 Jul 2009
06M9a’b’c’d153 3394Released 28 Sep 2009
07M9a’b’c’d153 3394Released 10 Nov 2009
08M9a’b153 3394Released 21 Mar 2010
09M9a’b153 3394Released 20 Jun 2010
10M9a’b153 3394Released 10 Aug 2010
11M9a’b153 3394Released 7 Feb 2011
12M9a’b153 3394Released 20 Jul 2011
13M9a’b153 3394Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14M9a’bA153G T3394CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15M9a’bA153G T3394CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16M9a’bA153G T3394CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17M9a’bA153G T3394CReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup M9a’b Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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