Age: 8,002.4 ± 3,945.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A8730G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: E2
Descendant branch(s): E2a1 E2a2


Haplogroup E2a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 4,100 and 11,900 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup E2a Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01E2a8730Released 27 Aug 2008
02E2a8730Released 14 Oct 2008
03E2a8730Released 1 Mar 2009
04E2a8730Released 10 May 2009
05E2a8730Released 8 Jul 2009
06E2a8730Released 28 Sep 2009
07E2a8730Released 10 Nov 2009
08E2a8730Released 21 Mar 2010
09E2a8730Released 20 Jun 2010
10E2a8730Released 10 Aug 2010
11E2a8730Released 7 Feb 2011
12E2a8730Released 20 Jul 2011
13E2a8730Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14E2aA8730GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15E2aA8730GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16E2aA8730GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17E2aA8730GReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup E2a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5007536Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneE2a:194, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5010170Ingman et al., 2000noneE2a:315.1C, 7340, 16519
Hap5013787Reiff et al., 2011noneE2a:16385
Hap5013788Reiff et al., 2011noneE2a:13279, 16519
Hap5013789Reiff et al., 2011noneE2a:16385, 16519
Hap5013790Reiff et al., 2011noneE2a:16519
Hap5013791Reiff et al., 2011noneE2a:14100, 16093, 16519
Hap5013792Reiff et al., 2011noneE2a:16519
Hap5013793Reiff et al., 2011noneE2a:16519
Hap5013794Reiff et al., 2011noneE2a:16519
Hap5013795Reiff et al., 2011noneE2a:16519
Hap5013796Reiff et al., 2011noneE2a:16519
Hap5013797Reiff et al., 2011noneE2a:16519
Hap5013798Reiff et al., 2011noneE2a:16519
Hap5013799Reiff et al., 2011E2a:16311E2a:384, 8476, 16519
Hap5013800Reiff et al., 2011noneE2a:16519
Hap5013801Reiff et al., 2011noneE2a:16519
Hap5013802Reiff et al., 2011noneE2a:16519
Hap5013803Reiff et al., 2011noneE2a:16519
Hap5013804Reiff et al., 2011noneE2a:13708, 16519
Hap5015719Soares et al., 2008noneE2a:309.1C, 315.1C, 573.1XC, 9063, 16519
Hap5015724Soares et al., 2008noneE2a:315.1C, 16086, 16519
Hap5015864Soares et al., 2008noneE2a:315.1C, 5558, 9293, 16519
Hap5015869Soares et al., 2008noneE2a:315.1C, 15287, 16519
Hap5015873Soares et al., 2008noneE2a:198, 315.1C, 5460, 6734, 9966, 12723, 16258C, 16309, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10046910United StatesMicronesia, Federated States ofMicronesia, Federated States ofMicronesia, Federated States of
Hap10046911United StatesCanadaPhilippinesPhilippines
Hap10046912United StatesPhilippinesPhilippinesPhilippines
Hap10046914United States TerritoriesMicronesia, Federated States ofUnited States TerritoriesUnited States Territories
Hap10046915United StatesUnited States TerritoriesUnited States TerritoriesUnited States Territories
Hap10046916United StatesUnited States TerritoriesUnited States TerritoriesUnited States Territories
Hap10046917United States TerritoriesUnited States TerritoriesUnited States TerritoriesUnited States Territories
Hap10046918United States TerritoriesUnited States TerritoriesUnited States TerritoriesUnited States Territories
Hap10046922United States TerritoriesUnited States TerritoriesUnspecifiedUnited States Territories
Hap10046924United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10046925United States TerritoriesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States Territories

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


Peoples: | Places:

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.