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Age: 4,935.5 ± 2,966.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T152C! C869T G9192A
Parent Branch: E1a
Descendant branch(s): E1a2a


Haplogroup E1a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 1,200 and 10,000 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup E1a2 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01E1b152 869 9192Released 27 Aug 2008
02E1b152 869 9192Released 14 Oct 2008
03E1b152 869 9192Released 1 Mar 2009
04E1b152 869 9192Released 10 May 2009
05E1b152 869 9192Released 8 Jul 2009
06E1b152 869 9192Released 28 Sep 2009
07E1b152 869 9192Released 10 Nov 2009
08E1b152 869 9192Released 21 Mar 2010
09E1b152 869 9192Released 20 Jun 2010
10E1b152 869 9192Released 10 Aug 2010
11E1b152 869 9192Released 7 Feb 2011
12E1b152 869 9192Released 20 Jul 2011
13E1b152 869 9192Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14E1bT152C! C869T G9192AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15E1bT152C! C869T G9192AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16E1bT152C! C869T G9192AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17E1a2T152C! C869T G9192AReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup E1a2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5013776Reiff et al., 2011noneE1a2:4232
Hap5013777Reiff et al., 2011noneE1a2:4232
Hap5013778Reiff et al., 2011noneE1a2:3254
Hap5013779Reiff et al., 2011noneE1a2:3254A
Hap5013780Reiff et al., 2011noneE1a2:1901, 2833, 6261
Hap5013783Reiff et al., 2011nonenone
Hap5013786Reiff et al., 2011nonenone
Hap5015672Friedlaender et al., 2007E1a2:13254E1a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 3866, 15235, 16174, 16519
Hap5015673Friedlaender et al., 2007E1a2:16189, 16311E1a2:315.1C, 16255, 16291
Hap5015726Soares et al., 2008noneE1a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 5124G, 12892, 16223
Hap5015875Soares et al., 2008noneE1a2:309.1CC, 315.1C, 16256, 16324
Hap5015879Soares et al., 2008noneE1a2:198, 309.1C, 315.1C, 961, 1821, 7364
Hap5015882Soares et al., 2008noneE1a2:207, 309.1C, 315.1C, 9288, 14767
Hap5015884Soares et al., 2008noneE1a2:309.1CC, 315.1C, 5662, 8551, 13933, 16324
Hap5016267Soares et al., 2008noneE1a2:309.1CC, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 1452, 16223
Hap5022065Duggan et al., 2014bE1a2:195E1a2:709, 9554, 16255

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|