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Age: 6,883.7 ± 2,428.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C16291T
Parent Branch: E1a1a
Descendant branch(s): E1a1a1a E1a1a1b E1a1a1c


Haplogroup E1a1a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 2,200 and 8,100 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup E1a1a1 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01E1a1a16291Released 27 Aug 2008
02E1a1a16291Released 14 Oct 2008
04E1a1a16291Released 10 May 2009
05E1a1a16291Released 8 Jul 2009
06E1a1a16291Released 28 Sep 2009
07E1a1a16291Released 10 Nov 2009
08E1a1a16291Released 21 Mar 2010
09E1a1a16291Released 20 Jun 2010
10E1a1a16291Released 10 Aug 2010
11E1a1a16291Released 7 Feb 2011
11E1a1a18843Released 7 Feb 2011
12E1a1a16291Released 20 Jul 2011
13E1a1a16291Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14E1a1aC16291TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
14E1a1a1T8843CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15E1a1aC16291TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16E1a1aC16291TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17E1a1a1C16291TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup E1a1a1 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5006879Delfin et al., 2014noneE1a1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 4716N, 12857N, 16297
Hap5006885Delfin et al., 2014noneE1a1a1:309.1N, 310, 15110N
Hap5006888Delfin et al., 2014noneE1a1a1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 3521N, 16172
Hap5007009Delfin et al., 2014E1a1a1:16189E1a1a1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 1780, 4716N, 16266
Hap5007012Delfin et al., 2014noneE1a1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 710N, 2792N, 16266
Hap5007048Delfin et al., 2014E1a1a1:13254, 13626E1a1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 6975N, 13254N, 13626N, 13759N
Hap5008536Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016E1a1a1:146, 16189E1a1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 14016, 16086
Hap5012314Pradutkanchana et al., 2011noneE1a1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 961, 965.1XC, 5777
Hap5012338Pradutkanchana et al., 2011noneE1a1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 961, 965.1XC, 5777, 12850
Hap5012343Pradutkanchana et al., 2011noneE1a1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 961, 965.1XC, 5777
Hap5012347Pradutkanchana et al., 2011noneE1a1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 961, 965.1XC, 5777, 12850
Hap5012348Pradutkanchana et al., 2011noneE1a1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 961, 965.1XC, 5777
Hap5015729Soares et al., 2008E1a1a1:16189E1a1a1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 3736, 11075, 16183C, 16193.1C, 16519
Hap5015870Soares et al., 2008E1a1a1:16311E1a1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 5471, 8149, 12723
Hap5015871Soares et al., 2008E1a1a1:152, 16189E1a1a1:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5015874Soares et al., 2008noneE1a1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 7418
Hap5017093Gunnarsdóttir et al., 2011anoneE1a1a1:310d, 11311
Hap5017097Gunnarsdóttir et al., 2011anoneE1a1a1:8497N, 9478N, 11311, 12418N, 14504N
Hap5017119Gunnarsdóttir et al., 2011anoneE1a1a1:310d, 11311, 12857N
Hap5017126Gunnarsdóttir et al., 2011anoneE1a1a1:257N, 310d, 11311
Hap5017127Gunnarsdóttir et al., 2011anoneE1a1a1:310d, 10310N, 13934
Hap5017128Gunnarsdóttir et al., 2011anoneE1a1a1:310d, 712A, 718-742d, 789-811d, 13934
Hap5017133Gunnarsdóttir et al., 2011anoneE1a1a1:257N, 310d, 13934
Hap5017149Gunnarsdóttir et al., 2011anoneE1a1a1:257N, 310d, 13934
Hap5017150Gunnarsdóttir et al., 2011anoneE1a1a1:309.1CN, 310, 6014N, 9004N, 13934
Hap5017151Gunnarsdóttir et al., 2011anoneE1a1a1:310d, 3866, 16176
Hap5017161Gunnarsdóttir et al., 2011aE1a1a1:152E1a1a1:310d, 714N, 8281-8289d, 16218
Hap5017177Gunnarsdóttir et al., 2011aE1a1a1:16189, 16311E1a1a1:310d, 11075, 16183C
Hap5017545Gunnarsdóttir et al., 2011bnoneE1a1a1:291d, 309.1C, 315.1C, 563N, 10410, 10812N, 10814N
Hap5017567Gunnarsdóttir et al., 2011bE1a1a1:4248E1a1a1:125, 127, 128, 315.1C, 4247N, 4248N, 5460N, 15848

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10046873United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10046874United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10046875United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 June 6th, 2016|