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Age: 8,647.1 ± 3,312.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T4248C C10834T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: E1
Descendant branch(s): E1a1 E1a2


Haplogroup E1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 5,300 and 12,000 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup E1a Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01E1a6620Released 27 Aug 2008
02E1a6620Released 14 Oct 2008
03E1a6620Released 1 Mar 2009
04E1a6620Released 10 May 2009
05E1a6620Released 8 Jul 2009
06E1a6620Released 28 Sep 2009
07E1a6620Released 10 Nov 2009
08E1a6620Released 21 Mar 2010
09E1a6620Released 20 Jun 2010
10E1a6620Released 10 Aug 2010
11E1a6620Released 7 Feb 2011
12E1a6620Released 20 Jul 2011
13E1a6620Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14E1aT6620CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15E1aT6620CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16E1aT6620CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17E1aT4248C C10834TReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup E1a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5011105Ko et al., 2014noneE1a:3338, 6340
Hap5011115Ko et al., 2014noneE1a:6340
Hap5011123Ko et al., 2014noneE1a:6340, 7706
Hap5011134Ko et al., 2014noneE1a:6340, 16223
Hap5011140Ko et al., 2014noneE1a:6340
Hap5014513Tabbada et al., 2010noneE1a:309.1CC, 315.1C
Hap5015713Soares et al., 2008noneE1a:315.1C, 6340, 8155
Hap5015714Soares et al., 2008noneE1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 6340
Hap5015716Soares et al., 2008noneE1a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 316, 3310
Hap5015881Soares et al., 2008noneE1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 7798A, 16172

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10046844UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|

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