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Age: 8,647.1 ± 3,312.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Variants: T4248C C10834T
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: E1
Descendant branch(s): E1a1 E1a2

YFull Info

Name: E1a
Age: 30400 to 12100 ybp [95% CI]
Expansion: 20500 to 8300 ybp [95% CI]
 Variants: T4248C C10834T

Note: This information does not imply an endorsement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.

Haplogroup E1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 5,300 and 12,000 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup E1a Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
01 E1a 6620 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 E1a 6620 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 E1a 6620 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 E1a 6620 Released 10 May 2009
05 E1a 6620 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 E1a 6620 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 E1a 6620 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 E1a 6620 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 E1a 6620 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 E1a 6620 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 E1a 6620 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 E1a 6620 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 E1a 6620 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 E1a T6620C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 E1a T6620C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 E1a T6620C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 E1a T4248C C10834T Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup E1a Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing results over to build 17.

Hg ID Origin Publication Hg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFull Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5011105 Ko et al., 2014 E1a E1a1c* none E1a:3338, 6340
Hap5011115 Ko et al., 2014 E1a E1a1c* none E1a:6340
Hap5011123 Ko et al., 2014 E1a E1a1c2 none E1a:6340, 7706
Hap5011134 Ko et al., 2014 E1a E1a1c* none E1a:6340, 16223
Hap5011140 Ko et al., 2014 E1a E1a1c* none E1a:6340
Hap5014513 Philippines Tabbada et al., 2010 E1a E1a1* none E1a:309.1CC, 315.1C
Hap5015713 Soares et al., 2008 E1a E1a1c* none E1a:315.1C, 6340, 8155
Hap5015714 Soares et al., 2008 E1a E1a1c* none E1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 6340
Hap5015716 Soares et al., 2008 E1a E1a1* none E1a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 316, 3310
Hap5015881 Indonesia Soares et al., 2008 E1a E1a1* none E1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 7798A, 16172

Sources & Resources

Related Sources


Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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