Age: 23,695.4 ± 6,902.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Southeast Asia
Mutations: T3027C G3705A G7598A C13626T G16390A
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: M9
Descendant branch(s): E1 E2


Haplogroup E is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. It is a child of haplogroup M9. It was likely born in the Southeast Asia around 24,000 years ago. (Behar et al., 2012b)


Most researchers consider the birthplace of E to have been born in Southeast Asia.


Behar et al., 2012b placed the birth of the E lineage between 16,800 and 30,600 years ago. This means the line was born in the Upper Paleolithic. At the time, people were using stone tools.

Ancient DNA

Coming Soon


This timeline is an overview of the E branch’s history from the first early people to the birth of the first woman from the E lineage. (View in new tab.)

Modern Populations

Today, this lineage is most common in Southeast Asia. It is also found on the island of Madagascar and in isolated populations in China.

National Geographic Geno 2.0 Text

Haplogroup: E
Age: 33,150 ± 8,200 Years Ago
Origin: Southeast Asia
Blurb: This point in your ancestors’ journey began in Southeast Asia around 33,000 years ago. At the time, the Pleistocene climate meant much lower sea levels in the region. Thus, your ancestors were more readily able to settle the region from their homeland in Sundaland.Global climate change lead to rapid increases in sea levels. These submerged Sundaland causing the loss of land and greatly reduced the populations in the region. However, over time your ancestors adapted to the new island environment and once more thrived. Around 6,000 years ago, they took part in population expansions that carried them as far as Taiwan and New Guinea.Today, this lineage is present in Indonesia, East Malaysia, New Guinea, the Philippines, and Taiwan. This line’s highest frequencies are now in Sulawesi, where it is about 26 percent of the population. It is between 10 and 15 percent of maternal lineages in Taiwan. It is around 16 percent of the population in the Philippines. It is 14 percent of the population in Borneo. It is present at lower frequencies elsewhere in Southeast Asia: Java (3 percent), Sumatra (7 percent), and Maluku (7 to 8 percent).Author: Rebekah A. Canada | Copyright: National Geographic

mtDNA Haplogroup E Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01E3027 3705 7598 13626 16390Released 27 Aug 2008
02E3027 3705 7598 13626 16390Released 14 Oct 2008
03E3027 3705 7598 13626 16390Released 1 Mar 2009
04E3027 3705 7598 13626 16390Released 10 May 2009
05E3027 3705 7598 13626 16390Released 8 Jul 2009
06E3027 3705 7598 13626 16390Released 28 Sep 2009
07E3027 3705 7598 13626 16390Released 10 Nov 2009
08E3027 3705 7598 13626 16390Released 21 Mar 2010
09E3027 3705 7598 13626 16390Released 20 Jun 2010
10E3027 3705 7598 13626 16390Released 10 Aug 2010
11E3027 3705 7598 13626 16390Released 7 Feb 2011
12E3027 3705 7598 13626 16390Released 20 Jul 2011
13E3027 3705 7598 13626 16390Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14ET3027C G3705A G7598A C13626T G16390AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15ET3027C G3705A G7598A C13626T G16390AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16ET3027C G3705A G7598A C13626T G16390AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17ET3027C G3705A G7598A C13626T G16390AReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup E Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: October 8, 2018 at 14:53 pm

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