Age: 16,962.5 ± 4,844.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Variants: G10427A T16368C
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: D4
Descendant branch(s): D4l1 D4l2

YFull Info

Name: D4l

Age: 30300 to 25800 ybp [95% CI]

Expansion: 31600 to 13000 ybp [95% CI]

Variants: G10427A T16368C

Note: This information does not imply an endorcement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.


Haplogroup D4l is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 12,100 and 21,800 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup D4l Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
01 D4l 16368 Released 27 Aug 2008
01 D4lb 10427 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 D4l 16368 Released 14 Oct 2008
02 D4lb 10427 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 D4l 16368 Released 1 Mar 2009
03 D4lb 10427 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 D4l 16368 Released 10 May 2009
04 D4l2 10427 Released 10 May 2009
05 D4l 10427 (16145) 16368 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 D4l 10427 (16145) 16368 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 D4l 10427 (16145) 16368 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 D4l 10427 (16145) 16368 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 D4l 10427 16368 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 D4l 10427 16368 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 D4l 10427 16368 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 D4l 10427 16368 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 D4l 10427 16368 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 D4l G10427A T16368C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 D4l G10427A T16368C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 D4l G10427A T16368C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 D4l G10427A T16368C Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup D4l Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Origin Publication Hg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFull Missing Variants Additional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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