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Age: 5,577.5 ± 13,772.9; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A4833G
Parent Branch: D4i
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup D4i2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 19,400 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup D4i2 Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01D4i24833Released 27 Aug 2008
02D4i24833Released 14 Oct 2008
03D4i24833Released 1 Mar 2009
04D4i24833Released 10 May 2009
05D4i24833Released 8 Jul 2009
06D4i24833Released 28 Sep 2009
07D4i24833Released 10 Nov 2009
08D4i24833Released 21 Mar 2010
09D4i24833Released 20 Jun 2010
10D4i24833Released 10 Aug 2010
11D4i24833Released 7 Feb 2011
12D4i24833Released 20 Jul 2011
13D4i24833Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14D4i2A4833GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15D4i2A4833GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16D4i2A4833GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17D4i2A4833GReleased 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup D4i2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5010059Ingman et al., 2000D4i2:146, 195D4i2:200, 309.1C, 315.1C, 12192, 16519
Hap5010069Ingman et al., 2000D4i2:146, 195D4i2:200, 309.1C, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5015471Volodko et al., 2008noneD4i2:309.1C, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5015483Volodko et al., 2008D4i2:146, 195D4i2:200, 309.1C, 315.1C, 4775, 16519
Hap5016593Derenko et al., 2010D4i2:146, 195D4i2:315.1C, 16519
Hap5016826Malyarchuk et al., 2010aD4i2:146, 195D4i2:315.1C, 7440, 16172, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10046692New ZealandNew ZealandNew ZealandNew Zealand
Hap10046694United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10046695United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10046696United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Sources & Resources

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00June 6th, 2016|