Age: 5,577.5 ± 13,772.9; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Variants: A4833G
FTDNA Tree: Link
Parent Branch: D4i
Descendant branch(s):

YFull Info

Name: D4i2
Age: 28300 to 18200 ybp [95% CI]
Expansion: 21400 to 13600 ybp [95% CI]
 Variants: A4833G

Note: This information does not imply an endorsement of YFull or their methods. It is provided at the request of readers.

Haplogroup D4i2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 19,400 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

mtDNA Haplogroup D4i2 Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Variants (Mutations) Notes
01 D4i2 4833 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 D4i2 4833 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 D4i2 4833 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 D4i2 4833 Released 10 May 2009
05 D4i2 4833 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 D4i2 4833 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 D4i2 4833 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 D4i2 4833 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 D4i2 4833 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 D4i2 4833 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 D4i2 4833 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 D4i2 4833 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 D4i2 4833 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 D4i2 A4833G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 D4i2 A4833G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 D4i2 A4833G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 D4i2 A4833G Released 18 Feb 2016

mtDNA Haplogroup D4i2 Data Sources

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing results over to build 17.

Hg ID Origin Publication Hg BLD16 Hg BLD17 Hg YFull Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5010059 Ingman et al., 2000 D4i2 D4i2 D4i2:146, 195 D4i2:200, 309.1C, 315.1C, 12192, 16519
Hap5010069 Ingman et al., 2000 D4i2 D4i2 D4i2:146, 195 D4i2:200, 309.1C, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5015471 Russia Volodko et al., 2008 D4i2 D4i2 none D4i2:309.1C, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5015483 Russia Volodko et al., 2008 D4i2 D4i2 D4i2:146, 195 D4i2:200, 309.1C, 315.1C, 4775, 16519
Hap5016593 China, People's Republic of Derenko et al., 2010 D4i2 D4i2 D4i2:146, 195 D4i2:315.1C, 16519
Hap5016826 Russia Malyarchuk et al., 2010a D4i2 D4i2 D4i2:146, 195 D4i2:315.1C, 7440, 16172, 16519

Sources & Resources

Related Sources


Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.


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